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[SOC 2080] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 27 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 2080
Professor
Anthony Winson
Study Guide
Midterm

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UofG
SOC 2080
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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SOC 2080: Rural Sociology
Defining Our Approach
January 10th, 2017
Notable theoretical approaches to agriculture and good in capitalist era
Classical political economy: Adam Smith, David Ricardo, John Stuart Mill => critiqued
by Karl Marx and Frederick Engles
o Before neoclassical, politics and economics were linked but are linked as seen in
the US system
Staples theory of Harold Innis => Mel Watkins furs, fish, lumber, wheat
o Innis played foundational role in Canada
o Role of exploration of primary commodities and how it shaped Canada
(commodities called staples)
o Created vulnerable/distorted structure in Canadian economy
o Watkins: foreign multinational domination of Canadian economy (particularly
US)
A number of sectors have been taken over by foreign corporations
Canadian political economy and influence on Canadian socio. C.B. MacPherson on
prone populism ; V. Fowke on wheat economy. Wallace Clement;s Canadian Corporate
Elite, built on John Porter “Vertical Mosaic”
Commodity Systems Approach:
Pioneered by William Friedland and colleagues
o 1st commodity study iceberg lettuce, production, processing, and distribution
(Manufacturing Green Gold)
Use of illegal immigrant labour from Mexico
Labour relations
After WWII became integral part of US diet
Look at particular commodity from beginning to end
Sydney Mintz: Sweetness and Power
o Bloody history; labour from 16th c. and slave trade until 1870s
o How sugar was infused in English working class society (during 19th c. was
factory of the World)
Merriam Wells: Strawberry Fields
o Use of migrant labour and environmental impact
Deborah Barndt: Tangled Roots (tomatoes)
o Role of women in production at Mexico and the distribution to Canada
Sanderson ‘world streer’
o Meat complex; fast food sourcing worldwide
McLaughlin Kill and Chill
Strengths:
o In depth, comprehensive picture of single commodity
o Understanding of important of labour relations in agriculture commodity
production, technology, role of government in social transformation of production
Weakness:
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o Lacks a holistic picture of a wider food economy
Agro-Food Complex Approach
Based on conceptual innovation of Fr. Ag. Economics notably Louis Malassis
What it looks like evolving power relationship among various social sectors
constituting the complex
Overall picture, how components are organized together
Input = Producers = Processing/Processors = Wholesale = Retail
Research feeds into all sectors
In particular, distribution of power throughout sectors and trajectory of power through
food system
If you go back 100 years the system exists but some sectors barely exist
Food Regime Approach
Linked to Harriet Friedman and Phil McMichael
Food system at global level, ways it was organized as different periods of time. There
were three regimes
Dietary Regime
Industrial Diet
Coming to term with the dramatic changes to food environments in 20th 21st c.
o Argues for how it is a toxic change
How did the food environments become so toxic?
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