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SOC 2080 Midterm: Midterm Review Terms Chart

Course Code
SOC 2080
Anthony Winson
Study Guide

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SOC 2080: Rural Sociology
Midterm Review
Explain what he/she/it was and their/its historical significance
Agnes MacPhail
Page 38 (IC)
The first woman elected to the House of
Commons, one of the two women elected in
the Ontario legislature, first woman to
represent Canada internationally as a
delegate to the League of Nations assembly
and sit on its disarmament committee.
Began political career by turning to the
United Farmers of Ontario after WWI.
Political career would take her into
provincial politics as an MPP for the CCF
and helped build the alliance that became
the Co-operative Commonwealth
Federation (later New Democratic Party)
that finally ended the two-party system.
Much of her work was aimed at improving
human rights as well as women’s rights; but
also penal reform, international peace, and
pay equity.
Broadening Out Strategy of UFO
Led by E.C. Drury, he attempted to change
the UFO to a “people’s government” rather
than “class government”. Incorporating both
the urban and rural middle class. This
ultimately alienated the base of the
government’s support, and particularly the
farmers. This strategy would clash with
UFO organizations led by James Morrison,
which would withdraw their support from
the government.
Cooperative Commonwealth Federation
Founded in 1932, formed the first social-
democratic government in North America in
1944 when elected to the provincial
government in Saskatchewan. In the Regina
Manifest, outlined its agenda and stated
their “aims at political power in order to put
an end to this capitalist domination of our
political life”. Placing an emphasis on
public ownership and planning. With
Tommy Douglas as premier, saw greatest
success, Its biggest achievements being
farm reforms to protect farm operates,
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labour reforms, the hospital plan and
universal health care.
Canadian Pacific Railroad
Was one of the preconditions that made the
settlement of the West possible.
Developed to protect Western Canada from
the American threat of annexation. Also,
CPR trains went to the grain elevators but
stopped there, thus favouring the elevators
and combined forced with its companies to
enforce existing legislation forced down
prices for farmers in the West and
legislation that required to use railroad.
Enable west settlement, but also served to
disadvantage farmers.
Dominion Grange
An example of an early form of producer
organization, was an attempt by farmers to
gain more control over their material
circumstances. Formed in 1847 in London
Ontario, they were concerned with the need
to establish an organization independently
from the US. Only encouraged the
development of a mild and narrowly based
agrarian populist ideology having a limited
scope of political action. Wanted to get rid
of “middle-men”, strengthening the
relationship between the producer and
consumer. Eventually went into decline
after reaching peak membership.
Tommy Douglas
Became Saskatchewan’s CCF leader and
the seventh Premier of Saskatchewan from
1944-1961. His government was the first
social democratic government in North
America, and introduced first single-payer,
Universal Health Care program which
would later be adopted by all the provinces.
Grain Growers’ Guide
Organized by agrarian activist Edward
Partridge, he felt the press gave unfair
treatment on the struggle of the Grain
Growers’ Grain Company and thus
organized a farmers’ publication. It aimed
to reflect the views of the grain growers’
associations and was extremely important
for the farmer’s movement. Creating a
counter hegemony and providing a platform
for farmer issues that previously no one
cared or reported on.
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