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SOC 2760
Rob Shearer

1CHAPTER 4 How common is HomicideThere is some positive news overall however the number of homicides in 2004 reflects a 24 decrease from the year before in 2003 when there were a reported 16528 murders FBI 2006a Unfortunately however preliminary FBI reports for 2005 indicated a 48 increase in homicide from the year 2004 FBI 2006b But due to population increases like births and immigration and decreases like death and emigration the homicide rates are what we need to look at to consider how common homicide is BOX 41To determine homicide rates you have to look at it in terms of a population of per100 000To determine homicide rateHP100000 Hthe number of homicides Pthe population in a certain area Homicide TrendsIn 1991 US showed highest homicide rates but after it has declined 653 since then in 2004Circumstance Type Table 41 shows the circumstances in which homicide has happened This is only limited due to only being accurate up to 65 of homicide439 of homicide was due to arguments228 were because of robbery or burglaryVictimOffender Relationship Chart 43 displays information about the victim and offender relationship559 of the victims actually knew there offenders 23 of people have been killed by an acquaintance 9 of people have been killed by a lover8 from family members not spouses2 3 from coworkers neighbors and others 44 from an unknown BOX42 This box argues the question if unknown offenders are really strangersResearchers concluded that unknown offenders cases were reflective of all types of victimoffender relationship homicide cases however they were disproportionately more likely to be similar to stranger casesSex Homicide is predominately a male activity More than three out of four victims of U S homicide offenders in 2004 were male When sex of the offender was known 90 of homicide offenders were male Greater than four out of five of the 11932 known homicide offenders in 2004 were male offenders that were predominately killers of both male and female victimsAge Peak homicide age in 2004 for in the United States was between 2024 Where ages 1929 were responsible for majority of homicide at 576 Homicide being mostly dominated by males female killers are more likely in age ranges of 2054 unlike males they dont go through a major spike at ages 2024Race In 2004 486 of homicide offenders were white 475 were African American and less than 4 were categorized as another or unknown race African Americans homicides were 6 times higher then those who were whiteA look at who kills whom in terms of race shows that white offenders tend to kill white victims and African American offenders tend to kill African American victims Of the 3012 African American homicide victims who were known to be killed by an African American or white killer 842 were killed by African American offenders Chart 48 Although since 1976 all of the homicides based on race have been decliningYears of potential life lost 3YPLL years of potential life lost This is years left over from someone who has been murdered when the expectancy of males is 75 and a man dies at 40 therefore there is a 35 YPLL WEAPON USE The SHR categorize weapons into 16 different types including 5 categories of firearms Firearms are used in 66 of homicides in 2004 REGIONALCROSSNATION Higher amounts of murder in densely populated cities Also high in southern areas of the United StatesThe homicide rate in the United States remains consistently higher than the homicide rate in many other countries European Union homicide rate for the years 1999 to 2001 was 159 per 100000 In 2004 South Africa stood at the top with the highest ratio of 5586 homicide rate per 100000 Canada having only 177 CHAPTER 4PATTERNS AND TRENDSIn 2004 16137 individuals were murdered US o 24 decrease from 2003 o In 2005 there was a 48 increase in homicide from 2004Homicide rate can increase even when the absolute homicide amount has decreased o Bc the population size changes o A decrease or increase in the absolute number of homicides does not necessarily result in a corresponding decrease or increase in the homicide rateMurder rate decreased from 57 per 100000 in 2003 to 55 in 2004Homicide rate o Usually determined by 100000 in US o This creates a number that is comparable between cities of different sizes o Homicide Rate Formula Homicide rateHP100000Hnumber of homicides in a particular areaPthe population in the particular area100000Homicide trends o 19912004number of homicides in the US decrease by 653 o 24703 homicides were recorded in 1991 a record high But was not the highest victimization rate which peaked in 1981
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