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Week 11.docx

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University of Guelph
SOC 3750
Michelle Dumas

Week 11: Special Populations Concepts - Special Populations  Police officers come across a variety of individuals belonging to different groups  The officer is legally and constitutionally bound to consider these people as individuals and to respond to their problematic situations accordingly  Each one of the officers involved is likely to react to each of these individuals on the basis of more than just the legal characteristics of the situation  That society and therefore the police may use to differentiate among its members, in this chapter we will consider the impact of differences based on race/ethnicity, gender, age, and sexual orientation on policing and vice versa  Subordinate Group: one whose members, because of physical or cultural characteristics, are disadvantaged and subjected to unequal treatment by the dominant group and who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination  Dominant Groups: a group that is advantaged and has superior resources and rights in a society  Sometimes the term "minority group" is used instead of subordinate groups, and the term "majority group" is used for dominant group - one often get caught up in the quantitative aspects of these terms leading to confusion  One of the defining elements of being considered a member of a subordinate group is that the individual is likely to be perceived and treated in a negative and biased way that may involve either prejudice of discrimination or both  Prejudice: refers to an attitude that evaluates an individual member of a subordinate group negatively on the basis of certain negative characteristics that are associated with that group even if the individual does not conform to those expected characteristics  Discrimination: an act that involves overtly treating members of a subordinate group negatively and unequally  The two ideas are connected to each other, although not necessarily in a causal fashion  Merton pointed out, in anyone of the following ; o Unprejudiced Nondiscriminator: one who does not harbor negative attitudes toward any particular subordinate group and will also never act negatively toward them o Prejudiced Discriminator: one who harbors negative attitudes toward any particular subordinate group and will act negatively toward them o Prejudiced Nondiscriminator: one who harbors negative attitudes toward any particular subordinate group but does not act n
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