Study Guides (248,178)
Canada (121,369)
WMST 2000 (10)
Professor (1)
Midterm

midterm review.docx

5 Pages
171 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Women's Studies
Course
WMST 2000
Professor
Professor
Semester
Winter

Description
Guerilla Girls Chapter 1: - Classical world class in its attitudes toward women  could not participate in famous Greek “democracy” - Histories of Western art have often begun with Greece & Rome- their art was originator of all later art o Western canon, set of rules against which all must measure up, begins with classicism - Ancient Greece was rigidly stratified - Only men could be citizens (vote, own estates, property or livestock) - Stuck in the class born into & could move only by vote of citizens delivery o Women of all classes considered inferior  even wives of citizens - Art & artists not important in Greek social structure not intelllectual activity - Things were looser in Rome: was a vast empire with more centralized laws & some women were allowed to be educated - Homosexuality between women considered adultery but okay for men (love between older mentors & young males considered highest form of friendship) - Problem with identifying art by women in ancient world not much has survived - Were women artists in Greece & Rome but will never know how many or what race o Vases & reliefs that depict women painters & records of women heading workshops (sculptures, painting etc) - Pliny the Elder named 6 women painters in his Natural History o Said Iaia of Cyzicus earned more money for her work than male contemporaries o No known examples of work by any of the women - An important 4 century B.C Greek wall painting Alexander the Great Confronts Darius III at the Battle of Issus attributed to a women: Helen of Egypt - Boccaccio wrote an illustrated book On Famous Women  described women from history and mythological women as if both were real Chapter 2: - In classical civilizations, women were the virtual prisoners of the men in their lives - Medieval women tok part in almost ever aspect of public life –became writers, nuns, artists, merchants & ran kingdom when husbands were at war - Art in middle ages became didactic tool of the church  many arts flourished (religious objects, illuminated manuscripts, tapestries etc by artists in guilds, collective workshops & religious communities) o Hard to attribute specific work to artists because few signed their work Bayeux Tapestry - One of the most important medieval art objects surviving to present day (over 200 ft long) o Made entirely by women needleworkers - Embroidery tells story of the conquest of England by Norman king William the Conqueror o Its subject is secular not religious (unusual for its time) - Scholars all agree it was embroidered by women  unique in subject matte & style - One scholarly book on tapestry ignores women who executed it & assumes a single male genius designed it Hildegard Von Bingen (german nun) - Nuns wrote books on medicine, science & sacred music - Many claimed to have mystical visions which god spoke directly to them o Had artists illustrate them - Mystical experiences praised by male clergy b/c represented emotional, nonrational side of female sex gave nuns an important voice - Nuns visions started to contain warnings against sin& corruption in priesthood o Convents shut down Background story: - Age 8 sent by parents to a convent in Germany - Already seeing visions - Ag4 40 recorded her visions in her first book Scivias (Know the Ways) - Put off writing the book b/c of “doubt & erroneous thinking” o Had many illnesses & decided to start writing  received strength to rise out of her bed - Worked on book for 10 years  presented 35 mystical experiences - Set part of Scivias to music, wrote 63 hymns, 2 more books, book on medicine etc - Some modern men of medicine attribute her visions to severe migraines - Her writing urged Christians to lead more spiritual life & nuns/priests to uphold vows book shown to Pope and was given his blessing making her famous - Near the end of her life was placed on house arrest in her abbey b/c independent ideas infuriated Church Higher-ups - Last vision: 2 streams of light appeared in sky & crossed over the room which she lay ill Christine Pizan - First women known to have made her living as a writer in Middle Ages & single mom - Educated by her father & married at age 15 to enlightened man –encouraged her learning - Widowed at 25 w/children & no inheritance (taken by brothers) - To make money: became a copyist of other written works, then bega
More Less

Related notes for WMST 2000

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit