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Religion Test Glossaries from Notes.docx

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RLGN 1420
Mathew Sheedy

Unit 2Indigenous Religions YorubaLakota SiouxThis unit discusses indigenous traditions as ethical systems boasting an oral history dating back many thousands of years The unit seeks to define indigenous religions as a recent category amongst scholars and proceeds with necessary caution speaking in general rather than in concrete terms The unit considers some general commonalities amongst indigenous traditions and looks specifically at two case studies that of the Yoruba of West Africa and the Oglala Lokota Sioux of the midWestern United States The unit analyzes the ethical teachings of the Yoruba and the Oglala Lakota as conduct principles and worldview which are the principles that underlie their conception of balance and harmony with the universe We discuss what these and other traditions consider virtues and vices as well as what constitutes the moral communityAnimismthe notion that the entire cosmos is imbued with a spirit or soulBiocentrica worldview that encompasses all of nature as related equal one and the sameBlack Hillsthe land of the Oglala Lakota until it was stolen in 1874Esua trickster in the Yoruba tradition whose mischievous actions embody the notion of complementary dualism which is common to indigenous religionsGiveaway Ceremonyan Oglala Lakota tradition where members of the community give up their possessions to those in needIndigenouscan mean any of the following pertaining to a region precolonial original and oralKoyaanisqatsia Hopi term meaning life out of balanceOgunin the Yoruba tradition he is the god of iron and warOrisain the Yoruba tradition orisa are projections of the ultimate god and serve as intermediaries on earthWochangiliterally meaning sacred influence wochangi refers to the powers and influence inherent in all living beingsUnit 3HinduismAfter working through this unit you should understand that Hinduism like Buddhism and Jainism the next two traditions we consider is at once a religious and ethical tradition More precisely it is a tradition made up of many traditions we have identified some of these according to the chronological and textual development of formative or classical Hinduism While it is fair to say that a number of ethical traditions develop during the formative period with
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