Themes for midterm
1. Institutions matter.
2. History matters.
3. Political division.
4. Political considerations.
5. Constant change.
Key Theoretical Approaches
- Historical institutionalism
- Public choice (rational choice)
Influence of electoral law
- Starts with who is allowed to vote
- Voter registration laws
- Voter identification laws
- How seats are distributed in and within provinces
- INSTITUTIONS MATTER
o Strongly influences Canada’s party system
- Bloc is territorially concentrated
o Really able to take advantage of first-past-the-post-system
o Disadvantaged by our electoral system
Influence of Party Finance Law (Bill C-24)
- Stopped corporate donations.
- The government wants to get rid of the political subsidies.
- Bloc Québécois benefits very strongly from C-24
- National incentive of campaigns exists.
- Fundraising is easier.
- Tremendous amount of $ for Bloc.
- Greater incentives for right-wing parties to unite.
- Strong Liberal disadvantage.
Why did the PCs keep losing?
- Managed to lose Quebec during the early 20 century
o Effectively managed to create such negative sentiment for the party in Quebec
o Manitoba schools question
Liberal regional support base
- St. Laurent, Pearson, and Trudeau “all more or less successfully accommodated Québec
discontent but gradually lost the west”
- Canada faces a number of unique challenges
- Massive land mass but small population spread apart
- Socio-demographic differences in population (regionalism) POLS 205
- Strong concentration of French-Canadians in Québec
Symbols of national identity
- Medicare, etc.
- Try to appeal to anybody
- Pragmatic parties
o More of an ideological type party
Socio-demographic correlates of voter turnout
- Age, religion, etc.
- Education, income, etc.
- Marital status, etc.
- Community engagement
- Possible correlates
o Immigrant, or aboriginal
- Not significant
- People are likely to vote for different reasons
- Vote choice
o Marital status
Percentage of eligible voters that actually vote
Who the morons actuall