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Political Studies
POLS 205
Loleen Berdahl

POLS 205 2011-02-10 MIDTERM REVIEW Themes for midterm 1. Institutions matter. 2. History matters. 3. Political division. 4. Political considerations. 5. Constant change. Key Theoretical Approaches - Historical institutionalism - Public choice (rational choice) Influence of electoral law - Starts with who is allowed to vote - Voter registration laws - Voter identification laws - How seats are distributed in and within provinces - INSTITUTIONS MATTER o Strongly influences Canada’s party system - Bloc is territorially concentrated o Really able to take advantage of first-past-the-post-system o Disadvantaged by our electoral system Influence of Party Finance Law (Bill C-24) - Stopped corporate donations. - The government wants to get rid of the political subsidies. - Bloc Québécois benefits very strongly from C-24 - National incentive of campaigns exists. - Fundraising is easier. - Tremendous amount of $ for Bloc. - Greater incentives for right-wing parties to unite. - Strong Liberal disadvantage. Why did the PCs keep losing? th - Managed to lose Quebec during the early 20 century o Effectively managed to create such negative sentiment for the party in Quebec o Manitoba schools question o Conscription Liberal regional support base - St. Laurent, Pearson, and Trudeau “all more or less successfully accommodated Québec discontent but gradually lost the west” Political division - Canada faces a number of unique challenges - Massive land mass but small population spread apart - Socio-demographic differences in population (regionalism) POLS 205 2011-02-10 MIDTERM REVIEW - Strong concentration of French-Canadians in Québec Symbols of national identity - Medicare, etc. Brokerage parties - Try to appeal to anybody - Pragmatic parties o More of an ideological type party Socio-demographic correlates of voter turnout - Age, religion, etc. - Education, income, etc. - Marital status, etc. - Community engagement - Region - Possible correlates o Immigrant, or aboriginal - Not significant o Gender - People are likely to vote for different reasons - Vote choice o Ethnicity o Religion o Gender o Marital status  Voter turnout  Percentage of eligible voters that actually vote  Vote choice  Who the morons actuall
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