cognitionmtsample1ans.pdf

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY 253
Professor
Samuel Hannah
Semester
Winter

Description
253  Midterm  1  sample  questions:  Multiple  choice     1. “Inhibition  of  return”  refers  to     a) slower  response  to  validly  cued  targets  over  invalidly  cued  targets,  when   all  cuing  is  nonpredictive   b) a  mechanism  for  improving  performance  in  network  models   c) a  delay  in  identifying  invalidly  cued  objects  when  the  cues  are  high  validity   d) a  reduced  firing  threshold  for  rivals  of  activated  word  detectors       2. Your  text  describes  an  experiment  involving  a  person  interacting  with  people   walking  on  a  college  campus.    In  this  experiment,  roughly  half  of  the  unwitting   subjects     a) fail  to  notice  a  change  in  clothing,  but  do  notice  if  “Leon’s”  voice  changes  pitch   b) fail  to  notice  that  “Leon”  is  changed  for  another  person   c) fail  to  notice  that  “Leon”  changes  his  hat  midway  through  the  conversation   d) notice  a  change  in  clothing  only  if  it  is  similar  to  what  they  are  wearing     3. Hubel  and  Wiesel’s  work  provided  evidence  that   a) grandmother  cells  function  as  neural  templates   b) our  perceptual  system  is  based  on  innate  templates   c) feature  detectors  feed  into  master  maps  that  support  object  representations   d) our  perceptual  system  is  based  on  innate  feature  detectors     4. Subjects  in  a  levels-­‐of-­‐processing  experiment  study  a  list  of  words,  doing  either   graphemic  or  semantic  analysis.  They  would  most  likely  be  doing,  respectively   a) analyzing  the  case  (upper/lower)  of  each  study  word,  or  categorizing   each  study  word  was  an  animal,  tool  or  clothing   b) identifying  whether  each  word  was  a  living  or  nonliving  thing,  or  counting  the   number  of  syllables   c) identifying  a  rhyme  for  each  word,  or  identifying  whether  it  was  a  living  or   nonliving  thing   d) providing  synonyms  or  antonyms  for  each  word,  or  analyzing  whether  they   are  nouns  or  verbs.     5. Mnemonics  can  be  understood  as  embodying  key  memory  principles  such  as  the   importance  of   a) attribution  and  elaboration   b) rehearsal  and  transfer   c) distinctiveness  and  organization   d) decay  and  interference     6. Based  on  “inverted  world”  experim
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