Discussion Questions to-date:
1. Do you see evidence in our examination of the roots of globalization to
support the claim that the four characteristics (expanding networks,
interdependencies, social exchanges, changing consciousness) of
globalization are as old as humanity? Explain your response.
how globalization isn't a new phenomenon
◦ networks of trade, to trade for their survival
◦ importation – pasta from China to Italy
◦ throughout history, mostly the elites benefited, but possibly this may be
changing due to types of technologies, the groups that are traveling
◦ throughout humanity there always has been, from the darker times to
now but use to be smaller scale
◦ rely on one another, different areas specialize and help each other
◦ shifted between time, not recent
◦ social rights movements .. .ect
◦ always shifting not static
2. What role as technology played in the historic process of globalization? Why
should we be guarded not to be drawn into a “technological deterministic”
explanation of globalization?
Everything is sped up so fast, things can change overnight
we developed technology that could do so because we were interested in
allows the ordinary person to have a say, one person to exert greater
influence than they would have been able to
we're so technologically advanced we could destroy the world
we shouldn't focus only on the technological aspects
we need to think about historic aspects
◦ trade routes .. crossing the ocean
huge difference in power due to globalization
◦ gun powder vs arrows
◦ the society that develops things faster can hold more power
◦ a modernized arms race – not necessary war related
3. Why do the sceptics maintain that globalization is a myth?
They give all the power/authority to the nation, ignore the fact that other
cultures give influence
if we live in such a globalized world why are the other cultures throughout
the world not reaping the benefits of globalization
from the standpoint of material globalization 4. Is there evidence to suggest that a global culture has emerged or might
In a way we agree, but not fully
global culture – the influence institutions (Coke, McDonalds...) have on the
yet there is cultralization in the world (folk fest)
change it to interconnected?
◦ We are tied, not captured
◦ it is so easy to connected now, has never been seen before
culture has two components, material and non-material
◦ both large in themselves but each can have a life, or trajectory, of its
▪ ex: mass media
Hollywoods movies – the influence around the world
may increase diversity, the homogenization of culture
a lot of potential, yet a lot of mind-fields
we need a national culture, in order for the nation
we need the community to support so we can survive as a culture
maybe we need some elements of a global culture to give us this.
1. what is meant by the clash of globalization, provide two examples.
Small population that benefits while the rest of the population does the
work, above and bellow view. Economic globalizations.
◦ start bucks
◦ Steve Jobs with Apple (Mac) computer