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BIOL150 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Brown Hair, Level Of Measurement, Deductive Reasoning


Department
Biology
Course Code
BIOL150
Professor
Rebecca Rooney
Study Guide
Quiz

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Chapter 1: Intro to Ecology and Evolution
Inductive Reasoning
o Specific observations->
General conclusions
Deductive reasoning
o General premises -> specific
predictions
Hypothesis
o Tentative answer to a well
framed question
o Must be falsifiable
o Process: scientific method
Scientific method
o
Uncertainty and variation
o Nature is variable
o No biological variation -> no
evolution
o Variation means replicates
required
o Average, range
Non-numerical data
o Categorical/Qualitative
Nominal: categories
(blonde, brunette etc)
Ordinal: when order
is important
Binary: present or
absent
Numerical data
o Quantitative
Discrete: whole
numbers only
Continuous: spectrum
of numbers
Limitations
o Type of data collect limits the
kind of hypothesis you can
test or type of analysis you
can perform
What is ecology?
o Scientific study of
relationships between
organisms and environment
o Biotic and abiotic affect
conditions organisms
o Interspecific vs intraspecific
Inter: between
different species;
intra: between same
species
o Environmental factors
Resources
(consumed)
Conditions (not
consumed)
Hazards (negative)
Hierarchical structure of bio (decre.
o Ecosystem
o Community
o Population
o Organisms (individuals
o Organ systems
o Organs
o Tissues
o Cells
o Subcellular organelles
o Molecules
Levels of ecology
o Biosphere
o Region
o Landscape
o Ecosystem
o Community
o Population
o individual
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