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Final

Rights-Based Moral Theory - Review for Exam

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Department
Biology
Course
BIOL 273L
Professor
Brian Orend
Semester
Fall

Description
Rights-Based Moral Theory:  A right  a claim or entitlement to something on someone else/group/social institution  We have a right to: o Life  assistance in life (to self/others) o Sustenance  material necessities of life -> welfare, water, food, shelter, clothes o Equality  same rights for all  non- discrimination o Privacy  not monitored constantly o Political rights  vote + opinions o Right to love ♥ o Freewill + free speech (basic personal liberties)  Mill believed we can have whatever we want as long as it doesn’t harm anyone else o Physical security  being free from violence o Personal expression  sexuality, way you choose to dress  Critiques utilitarianism for: o not allowing enough individualism  individual life-projects o Posing excessive burdens upon people  cognitively (calculus) + lifestyle (slave to the world)  Consequentialist theories o Virtue Ethics  developing character o Utilitarianism  Non-consequentialist theories  right or wrong determined by First principles  not results o Deontology o Rights-based  Consequentialists are concerned with RESULTS  maximizing pleasure in the world  Judges society + individuals  People get rid of utility and look at rules  John Locke  classic
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