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BIOL 301 Unit 5 - Circulatory System - Exam Questions.docx

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Department
Biology
Course
BIOL 301
Professor
Vivian Dayeh
Semester
Winter

Description
Unit 5 – Heart, Blood & Blood Vessels, and Lymphatic System The Circulatory System 1. What are the 3 components of the cardiovascular system, the 2 components of the  lymphatic system, and what is the general name for both of these systems combined? 2. What are the components of blood? 3. What is the main protein of erythrocytes, and what percentage of blood do erythrocytes  compose? 4. What is it called when leukocytes leave blood vessels? 5. Where do all blood cells originate, and how long does each of the three types live? 6. What are the two groups of white blood cells, and which cells are in which categories? 7. What is the name of the larger cell from which platelets are formed? What is another  name for platelets? 8. What are the two types of bone marrow, and what is present in each? 9. What are: anemia, sickle cell disease, leukemia, and thrombocytopenia? The Heart 10. What type of blood is sent through each of the circuits in the heart? 11.What are the 3 layers of the pericardium surrounding the heart? 12. At which costal cartilage are the following located: superior right and left points  of the heart, and the inferior right and left points of the heart. 13. What are the three layers of the wall of the heart? 14. From what three veins does the right atrium receive blood, and is it oxygen­rich  or oxygen­poor blood? 15. From what veins does the left atrium receive blood, and is it oxygen­rich or  oxygen­poor blood? 16. From where does the right ventricle receive blood, and through what artery does it  pump blood to the pulmonary circuit? 17. Which chambers of the heart contain trabeculae carnae?  Which contain pectinate  muscles? 18. What are 2 functions of the fibrous skeleton of the heart? 19. Do ventricles or atria have thicker walls? 20. Is
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