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CLAS 201 (16)
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Test 1 Review.pdf

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Department
Classical Studies
Course
CLAS 201
Professor
Nicholas Maes
Semester
Fall

Description
REVIEW SHEET – TEST 1 (CLAS 201) THEMES: The Greek Miracle (textual sources for the ancient Greeks) Who were the Greeks (Pelasgians, Minoans, Indo-Europeans) Mycenaeans (culture, Homer, Epic cycle, Homer as source for Mycenaean culture) Dark Age (decline) Hesiod (Theogony, Works and Days) Archaic Age (improvement, polis, hoplite warfare) Athens (early history, development of constitution) TERMS: GREEK MIRACLE Epic Poets: Homer: Iliad, Odyssey; Hesiod: Theogony, Works and Days Tragedians: Aeschylus: Agamemnon, Choephoroi, Eumenides; Euripides: Bacchae, Medea, Hippolytus; Sophocles: Oedipus Rex, Antigone, Ajax Comedy: Aristophanes: Frogs, Lysistrata, Clouds Historians Herodotus, Thucydides Philosophers Plato: Apology, Republic, Phaedo Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics, De Anima, Poetics WHO WERE THE GREEKS? Pelasgians Minoans (2600-1400 BCE) Crete, Arthur Evans, King Minos, Minoan, Knossos, Thalassocracy, palaces (labyrinth), frescoes (peaceful scenes), Bull motif, Chthonic (earth), Mother goddess, fertility, afterlife, male subordinate, Linear A, syllabary Indo-Europeans William Jones, Zeus (Dios), Jupiter (Diespiter), Dyaus Pitar, linguistic, warriors/nomads/hunters, Olympian, sky god, immortal versus mortal, Helladic branch (2000 BCE) MYCENAEANS (1600-1200 BCE) First Greeks, Heinrich Schliemann, Citadels, Mycenae, Tiryns, Argos, Pylos, Cyclopean architecture, war-themed art, Linear B, Michael Ventris, Troy, Hissarlik, Troy 6A HOMER (c.750) Iliad, Odyssey Epic Cycle Cypria, Iliad, Aethiopis, Little Iliad, Persis Iliou, Nostoi, Odyssey Cypria: Prometheus, Zeus, Thetis, Peleus, Eris, Athena, Hera, Aphrodite, Judgement of Paris, Priam (king of Troy), Helen, Menelaus, Agamemnon (brother), Priam (King of Troy), Xenia (hospitality), Zeus Xenios, Zeus Hikesios, Zeus Horkios Iliad: Agamemnon, Achilles, Briseis, Chryseis, Chryses, Hector (son of Priam), Patroclus, Priam, Homeric values, kleos, aristos, kakos, time Aethiopis: Memnon, Achilles, Paris Little Iliad: fight over the arms of Achilles, Trojan Horse planned (Odysseus) Iliou Persis: Trojan Horse, destruction of Troy Odyssey: Odysseus, Ithaca, Penelope, Telemachus, suitors; Homer as a source for Mycenaean times Oral poetry, Dactyllic Hexameter, Milman Parry, Formulae, Body shield, Boar’s tusk helmet, chariots, Mycenaean towns COLLAPSE OF MYCENAEAN CULTURE (1200-1150 BCE) famine, soil erosion, o
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