CLAS 201 full course notes.docx

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University of Waterloo
Classical Studies
CLAS 201
Nicholas Maes

CLAS 201Lessons 13 07052013 34800 PM thMay 7 Lecture 1 IntroductionGreek miracle Political science eg democracy autocracy theocracy oligarchy monarchyhave a hard time controlling larger populations bc of their individualistic point of view Philosophy eg logic syllogism ontology ethics epistemologystudy of how we understand things ideas Entertainment drama athletics Olympics theatre comedy tragedy character epilogue protagonist no such thing as team competition Its all individual you do it for yourselfpersonal excellence personal striving art architecturethey are very egocentricCosmos order Systematic and organized Sciencemathematicsmedicine biology oncology cranium geneticsthey dont turn to religious texts they try experiments and stuff to be rational Religion Olympian chthonicSources where all this history is foundArchaeology coins pottery houses temples civil buildingTextsEpic poets Homer IliadOdyssey Hesiod TheogonyWorks and Days Lyric poets Archilochus Sappho Alcaeus etc Tragedians Aeschylus Agamemnon Choephoroi Eumenides Sophocles Oedipus Rex Antigone Ajax Euripides Bacchae Medea Hippolytus ComediansAristophanes Frogs LysistrataMenander Historians Herodotus Thucydides PhilosophersPlato Apology Republic PhaedoAristotle Nicomachean Ethics De Anima Poetics Speechwriters Eratosthenes Demostheneswe look at archaeology to understand their cultureWho were the Greeks14001200 they were referred to as Achaeans Danaans Argivesthose terms are really old fashioned and then there came a population called Hellenes Northern Greecethey established themselves in Italy the locals referred to all the Greeks in Southern Italy as Hellenes bc they were the most prominent Hellas would be the country so thats what theythe Greeks would call themselves Greeks dont think of themselves collectively they dont think of themselves as an ancient region so they have trouble giving themselves a collective nameAncient Greece consists of like 300 separate territories rarely operated as a collective so they have trouble labeling all these people who speak the same languagethere was another population that followed the Hellenes which also set up shop there and they were called GRAKOI and then when the Romans moved into this part of the world the first Greeks they came across were the GRAKOI so they referred to all the Greeks as GRAKOIsince Rome takes over the Greek later thats why we call them GREEK bc the romans referred to them as GRAKOIGreeks hate each other but they become collective when Persians try to conquer them its a bad idea Just let them destroy themselvesWhere do they come from First greek speaking population that demonstrates many of the cultural religious social and distinguishing characteristics of Greeks are the Mycenaeans start sometime around 1600 What goes into making the MycenaeansWhat early populations went into the making of the Mycenaeans THREE GENERAL STRANDS 1 Pelasgians first of them to penetrate Greek peninsulawouldve been populations that moved into greece as early as 1400 BCthey set up sites for themselves for long periods of times continuously inhabited for long periods of time practiced agriculture etcthey dont even speak Greek thoughtheir contribution is just the genetics they assimilate with the other populations that come in they have competition with those ones 2 Minoans note worthy th Arthur Evans late 19 century decided to escavate the island of the Crete Its not too far from Greece but also not too far from the Middle EastThe further east you are things like trade and currency and stuff are there and radiates westwards the further you are in the western world the more primitive you areCrete is much more civilized which is the general contribution they have when Arthur Evans comes across the civilization he gives them the name Minoans its because of the famous story of King Minos minotaur and the story comes from the island CreteThis population lasted from 26001400 BCEThe island of Crete consists of these important centres called Knosses not cities they consist of palaces and they are a redistributive economy locals send stuff to palace kept in storage then given back to economyall of these palaces are open not walled these populations werent fighting with each otherthe artwork of the Minoans were called frescoes peaceful subject matter painted when wet and then left to dry the Minoans were known as a Thalassocracy ruled by the Sea o Thalassanot Greek by origin means SEA Poseidon PoteiDaionDew Lord Lord of the Dew
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