GER 220- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 16 pages long!)

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Important explanatory functions: (cid:862)ho(cid:449) did the (cid:449)o(cid:396)ld get (cid:272)(cid:396)eated? (cid:863) (cid:862)(cid:449)hy a(cid:396)e the(cid:396)e t(cid:449)o ge(cid:374)de(cid:396)s? (cid:863, gods, cultures identify with myths, people believed them to be true. Legends: stories tied to particular towns, cities, particular people, saints, cultural importance. Fables: smaller form, often has a moral, fictional, animals in fables are stereotypical. Folktales: fairy tales, story that are passed down orally, seen as entertainment, purely fictional. Fairy tales: from french (contes de fees) (cid:862)(cid:449)o(cid:374)de(cid:396) tales(cid:863) M rchen: middle high ge(cid:396)(cid:373)a(cid:374) (cid:373)ae(cid:396)e = (cid:862)(cid:374)e(cid:449)s, (cid:396)epo(cid:396)t, sto(cid:396)y(cid:863, + diminutive ending (cid:272)he(cid:374), the(cid:396)efo(cid:396)e (cid:862)little sto(cid:396)y(cid:863) (skazka, plural skazki: based on the slavonic root kaz = (cid:862)(cid:272)o(cid:373)(cid:373)u(cid:374)i(cid:272)ate(cid:863, skazat" = (cid:862)to say(cid:863); rasskazat" = (cid:862)to (cid:374)a(cid:396)(cid:396)ate(cid:863); ukazat" = (cid:862)to i(cid:374)di(cid:272)ate(cid:863); nakazat" = (cid:862)to pu(cid:374)ish(cid:863, co(cid:373)pa(cid:396)e e(cid:374)glish (cid:862)tale,(cid:863) (cid:862)to tell(cid:863) A m (cid:396)(cid:272)he(cid:374) is (cid:862)a tale of so(cid:373)e le(cid:374)gth i(cid:374)(cid:448)ol(cid:448)i(cid:374)g a su(cid:272)(cid:272)essio(cid:374) of (cid:373)otifs o(cid:396) episodes. I moves in an unreal world without definite locality or definite creatures and is filled with the marvelous.

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