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Midterm

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Department
Kinesiology
Course
KIN 104
Professor
Caryl Russell
Semester
Fall

Description
Contents TOLERANCE VS CAPACITY IN A REHAB SETTING TOLERANCE: maximum load that a client can bare w/o pain. 1 rep max capacity: amt of productive work that a client can do without pain mini unproductive and max productive work affects tuning and affects how much load goal is to bring up tolerance and capacity Study guide Summary 1 How should u breathe Depends on the task weight lifting, sprinting distance running NBA players - boxing out, wait for the air to be relaxed and get soft -diaphragm controls that athletic soft spot Correcting exercise- sprints and then side planks weight lifting- 70 % of tidal volume, filling lungs b/c spine is ready to crack so they keep rigid and "sip the air and bounce; getting the bar bounce and once it recoils back they do the jerk Usain bolt: - Some don’t breathe at all stiffen core makes explosive -breathing softens name the mvt patterns for training Mvt patterns. Train pattern to create athleticism. All about the linkage Bypass = spare muscle compression=stabilize the joints - Pull (one arm pull) -Push w one hand have to stabilize the obliques -Lift -lunge -squat hip abduction and external rotations front squat is better for legs, back squat is better for hip carry all abt the linkage... hip abduction strength/used obliques work the QL - Torsional patterns take a lot of strength all the muscles come one - Specific isolation patterns why are muscles designed w primarily parallel vs. series sacomere arrangements single joint muscle like the peck is parallels, several muscles in parallel, short muscle fibers Hamstring: many sarcomeres in series and on Hamstring: many sarcomeres in series and only a few fibers. both can have the same sarcomers same number in contractile units short muscle fibres aligned in parallel muscle pulls 10N on that arm the rib cage is also pulling 10 N parallel Series Ads strength force but cant shorten the No matter how many always the same force distance 2 muscles in series 1 cm becomes 2cm but still 10 N Peck is powerful/strong a lot of fibres doesn’t Hamstring shortens over knee/hip, multi joint have to go far muscle. has to be skinny and long. because it crosses over multiple joints Wouldn't train muscles the same way sarcomere can shorten just a bit choosing an exercise to work on a specific muscle u have 5 individuals for which u will design an exercise program what proceed will u  follow criteria changes depending on the pop ur dealing w all depends on the person. if their unfit and don’t move well ur gunna train differently than if their fit and they move well Assessment of unit and poor mvts. if unfit an poor mover interview: ask question, what their goals are if they have pain mvt assessment, see if they have any weaknesses. every exercise is a test. anytime u creates mobility distally, u has to create stability proximally. pain provocation: understand what causing the pain, moving poorly because of pain. or moving poorly is causing pain. Personality: co-morbidities, diabetics vs. cancer patient not enjoy moving, high blood pressure If their moving well u can go to the exercise design making sure abt creating stability. when u create stability distally u need to create stability proximally make sure u create a strong core most important muscle for stability gluteal muscle example cross hip and externally rotate hip however it is also a very powerful knee extensor Contrast body building exercise w patterns of mvt  20:50 1 work on squat, pull all about balancing. for pushing u, need to balance it all out w the rest of the body linkage big muscles like ur back and quads can be trained easily in the gym however, muscles like obliques are harder to train. some muscle like the peck just cross one muscle and just one joint. train mvt and not muscles. wouldn’t give bench press if they can't even do push up yet -body weight before external resistance Corrective exercise: pit the body in balance before strength and power some people start power training way to soon with pelvic problem, learn how to extend hip w glutial. have to understand the linkage. learn how to optimize the effect throughout the whole linkage. not gunna work bicep or peck But train patterns train push, train pull. In a pull, Ur oblique's and latisimus dorsi is activated. 1 arm cable pull football player, pushes w one arm doesn’t matter how much u can bench press but all abt core stability tremendous athlecism: shoulder centration, and power breathing will create tremendous force, have to make psoas stable when u want to create force Archers bow: want to spare ur body, ones pulling ones pushing. bypassing the linkage. kettle bell swing another pulling exercise. joints are made to sustain a certain amt or pression and shear. if u has weakness in ur knee, it will not work. pick exercise u need to know abt compression and shear one arm push up is expensive for ur body. some ppl know how to steer strength through the linkage Bowler squat a lot of bodybuilding and stuff is only saggital plane. to hold hip up u need hip abduction. use oblique and quadratus lumbar to help walk. need carry pattern to work on the QL body builder isolation approach good athletic train in patterns. 30% of Olympic bar but w max explosion Summary 2 Describe the quantum health expectancy theory Canada has a high rate certain quantity of life at birth Genetics, parental health, fetal health i.e. lack of war right amt of exercise support the quantum environmental assault i.e. poison food erode the quantum I.e. dangerous neighbourhood. Would not want to go outside and jog or play healthy behaviour supports the quantum Draw the art and science of injury prevention in a group highlight the important  features Injury prevention for older female postal worker. lose ability to do a deep squat - not lifting heavy bags Injury prevention for 70 yr old female w osteoporosis -preventing falls increase hip athleticism dance classes, balance training Injury prevention for 34 yr old carpenter -cant change ergonics of the job U has to do test to determine their ability to w/stand torsion _push up demonstration See if they have any weaknesses Injury theory injury happens when applied load >tissue tolerance Strain deformation determines whether the tissue is gunna break or not. Why didn’t bone break at 30000 n. when u fall Tissue are viscous elastic. If they are loaded very quickly, it will not have time to reach breaking strain Know the graphs Tissues are visco elastic meaning they slowly keep their form Accumulate strength fatiguing the muscle does not get time to relax and get back like coat hanger, 36:50 accumulative strain eventually reaches breaking strain. good kin maximizes the level of rest describe the levels of prevention Changing mvt changes stress -remodel default engrams -practice mvt that transfer to other mvts Disease of choice vs. inevitable Levels of prevention Primary prevention. Goal: to protect healthy ppl from diseases or 1st time injuries KIN: education good nutrition exercise, move well Education and legislation: injury mechanism, professional jurisprudence (know when to refer to other professional), screening test for risk factors for illness and injuries. cricket bowlers, legislating helmet use Secondary prevention: happen after an illness, after diagnosis Goal: diseases halt or slow process. rehab/ Diff types of diseases: disease of choice like diabetes Non-accidental injuries: ACL tear Tertiary prevention: trying to halt it from having long-term damage of lifelong implications Study in which we took 13 Parisians and Americans fed them red wine baguette and cheese, the Americans got fatter Specific type of exercise benefits some but can be dangerous for others…. French American -enjoy taste and texture - stop eating when TV was done - stop eating when their full -stop eating when the plates done -internal cues -external cues Not too much not too little exercise is key Prevention of illness and injuries Kin mission: optimize health to prevent injury illness and extend the years things to look for when screening Are they using their back when doing a torsional pull. Substituting hip raise w her back Different Kinesoiological approaches - Biomechanical -Physiological -Neurological -Psychological Fact every human system depends on movement and nutrition for optimal performance and recovery from injury/illness; Summary 3 Rehab best rehab programs -often 50% dropout rate - Improper dose/intensity and pain -optimum amount Consider response potential (for [project) -responders and non responders (no statistical significance) look a the standard deviation -genetic potential (variable) some people don’t take sulfur base compounds -previous injury history -body type -psychological profile diabetic vs. cancer What should u do? 1. Objective measurement. (Baseline, where they started, when u measure them at the end u know what the diff) 2. Structured programs 3. Non structured programs, (stand up and talk when the phone rings) 4. Mindfulness (focus on the mvt and task) mind muscle connection is stronger and gets better results 5. Other professional assistance (might require an expert) What does every patient want/need to know What they want to know 1. Exam results (go through MRI and x-ray's and describe what they indicate_ 2. Natural history and prognosis (explain the disease and illness) 3. Cause of pain) maybe it is the way u bend) 4what to avoid (know what causing the pain and change it) 5. Therapy plan Rehab of an arm w a machine, what should u consider Lengthening of a hamstring will help nt curls Perspective: other professions peck majors is diff than ham strings When u exercise u want to turn on ur proximal muscle first to increase focus but on a machine there is no proximal
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