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KIN346 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Guide: High Fructose Corn Syrup, Dietary Fiber, Myocyte


Department
Kinesiology
Course Code
KIN346
Professor
Danny M Pinicero
Study Guide
Final

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UW
KIN 346
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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KIN 346
Human Nutrition
___
September 12
WHAT IS NUTRITION?
- Process of food utilization
- Digestion and absorption
What is food?
- Any material that provides nutrition requirements to maintain:
- Growth
- Physical well-being
Essential = needs to be consumed because your body does not produce
Dietary fibres = cannot be absorbed
Nutritious = provides nutrients that allows us to sustain our physiology
Social welfare
- Financial or economical needs for food
Economic prosperity/security
-
Geopolitics
- Some countries can’t grow certain foods
Armed conflict
- Who is going to control limited food supplies in some countries?
Nutrition and health
-
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FOOD, SCIENCE AND WORLD PEACE
Norman Borlaug
- Won 1970 Nobel Peace Prize
- Invented new strain of wheat (dwarf) → combatted world hunger:
- Disease resistant
- Shorter
- Wind resistant
- Generated high yields
WHY IS NUTRITION IMPORTANT?
Nutrition can prevent diseases:
- Caused by nutrient deficiencies = chronically nutrient deficient
- Influenced by nutrition = related to excess amounts of nutrients
- Nutrition plays a role = not cause/effect but is linked
NUTRITION AND OBESITY IN CANADA
- Multifactoral
- 1970, introduction to low fat foods
- 2004 to present, obesity rate has been steady
WHY DO WE EAT THE WAY WE DO? ... WE ARE INFLUENCED
1. Physiological hunger
a. Biggest factor
b. Related to signally in the body
2. Sensory stimulation
a. There are two main elements:
i. Food flavour → taste and smell
ii. Texture → example of sandwich dipped in orange juice
3. Personal preference
a. Human health boils down to two things:
i. Physical activity
ii. Nutrition
b. Based on lifestyle, convenience, etc
4. Habits
a. 3 meals/day
b. Little evidence around this
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