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Young Gon Kim

KOREAN STUDIES NOTES Altraic Family  Altic people came from the Altic mountains  Btw Europe and Asia – group of people immigrated east  Idea of how language has traveled and developed  Turkish>Mongolian>Machu Manchurian>Korean>Japanese  Jap and Korean related linguistically, ethnically  Tungisic= Sibera/Russia  Language patter Turkic-Mongolic-tungusic-Koreanic Japaneisic  Chinese people don’t belong to this group they are more tibietian Paleo- Asiatic  Before Koreans entered penn. theyre were people already (people ½ mya) there  Not related to todays Koreans- not ethnic decendants  2 ½ million years ago starts Paleolothic (old stone age)  oldest tools  mammoth bone found and human tools in NE tip of Korea = Paleolithic evidence, communal life  confirmed 30,000 to 20,000 years ago  maybe even 400, 000 to 500,000 years ago Neolithic Man  8000 BC ice age ended, 5500 and climate became what it (6000/4000 BC) is today  Neolithic man had ground/polished stone – tools, pottery  Waves of migration through all  Early Neolithic- 6000/5000 BC- simple, undecorated, small vessles pottery, decorated haphazardly  Middle Neolithic- 4000 BC- greometrical comb design- comb represent water?- design from china influence  Late Neolithic- 2000 BC- from china comb pattern goes through changes  Neolithic sites found at waters edge hunted water and land  Neolthic began practicing agriculture  Lived in natural/ man made pit dwellings/caves  Clothing was animal skin and bone needle  Klan societies  Totemistic  Blood line  Believed shamen and supernatural Bronze Age  Walled town states and confederations (9-8 cent BC)  Begin rice cultivation from China  Ruling class and not ruling class  Walled towns come together to form confeds  Bronze daggers and mirrors  Slope dweller/shallow pit- or started living in higher ground above flat land/farm  Bronze age people had power over the Neolithic b/c bronze weapons  Doleman tombs  Cheiftans- not extentive- turned to wall towned states- turn to kingdoms- how choson began Choson th  Different states- the most powerful is the choson (4 cent BC)  States had developed to the point their existence known by (2333BC- china 194BC)  Myth about how it began= Legend of Tan-gun Wanggom (2333)  Mostly bronze- old choson most advanced  One king  Old choson confronts china in north- china had iron at time- pressure from China Yen state (invaded Liaotung Peninsula)  End of the 4 cent Choson enters decline  Between 194 to 180 refugee population grew and people left from China to Choson Wiman Choson  Wiman drives old king, King Chun from the throne (194 BCE-108  New kingdom is more Chinese oriented BCE)  Kept Choson traditions  Stron military and expanded N, E, S  Fought chinese invation  Obsorb chinese culture while maintaining political independence  Provoked Han invasions- year or more fought chinese armies  Wiman Choson fell – 108 BC  Han China establishes three major Chinese Commanderies  Lo-land, Chen-fan and Lin-t’un within former domain of Wiman Choson  North area of Han river  China not always repressive Legend of Tan-  Year 2333 why korea say 5000 year old history gun Wanggsom  Hwan Ung (god) came to Mt. T’aebaek with angles and (2333) cultivated land city and society – civilized humans  A bear and tiger prayed to Ung to turn them into humans  Ung said eat special wood and garlic- and don’t go into the sun for 100 days  The tiger failed at not going into the sun  Bear turned into women- couldn’t find anyone to marry so god Ung married her and got her preggers  They’re child Tan-gun – established kingdom Choson in (2333) (Morning freshness) and ruled for 1500 years Proto- Kingdoms Puyo  Really gained power in 49 AD (4 cent BC-  4 century name first appears and in 1 cent name 494 AD) frequently appears  rose out of flat lands in Manchuria  China nervous it could be menise like Hsiung-nu and Koguryo  Succsseded in forming a confed kingdom  China soon welcomed rise b/c it lay btw china and koguryo in the north  Puyo had friendly ties with China to help southern border agaist Koguryo  316 AD Chinese Chin kingdom driven south by nomadic tribes of north  Puyo left alone and vulnerable, in 50 years Puyo fell to Koguryo, north tribes drove royalty south to surrender Koguryo (37BC- 668AD)  Founded by Chumong and band of followers from Puyo  Reigon centered around Yalu and T’ung-chia river basin  Evolved from Yemaek people  Only through warfare did they compensate for inadiquite territory and resources in the territory  Fought chinese in north allowed original cheiftans to keep their power (unlike if they sided with Chinese) Chin (2-3 cent BC)  Clashed with Wiman Choson before  Took over sourthern part of peninsula  Got along with China  Wanted to take advantage of their Iron culture  Reconstruction of Chin territory = Samhan = Mahan, Chinhan and Pyonhan Three Kingdoms  Rice cultivation in Samhan states comes from China- Culture resoviours built> livestock kept  Post peasents are freeman/commoners th  There were slaves- until 16 cent- but could marry who they wanted and move around  Ruling elite- governing class (only they had bear arms)  Winman Choson- Koguryo- Puryo- Samhan all rep. first Korean confed states made of walled town states where- first king elected, younger brother succssedes older brothers to kingship- line passes from brothers  Simplicity and severity to keep social order  Sever punishment for female adultery  Patriarchial system  Autum harvest and thanksgiving festicles in fall and spring most important with dancing and food  Art was only connected to religion – shamanistic  Turned to Confusionism and Taiosm by Chinese  372- introduction of Buddism to Korea, monk brought images of Buddah from China – Paekche first to accept 384 th  Silla offially adopt Buddah in 6 cent  4 cent Bhuddism , and academy of Confusionism established  Simple Buddism developed for masses (pure land Buddism)  Buddah good for authority and monarchy- protect state and control  Silla Hwarand Bands ‘flower boys’
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