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Korea 272R - Lecture Notes up to Midterm

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Young Gon Kim

Topic Information Climate - Similar to Northern China (Beijing), dissimilar to Japan - 4 even seasons Mountains/People - Higher altitudes on the Eastern side of Korean compared to the West - Altaic mountains in Eastern Europe origin of current people in SK, these people moved to Korea and Japan - Paleo-Asiatic → started Korean ethnic development half a million years ago - Modern Koreans potentially related to Manchurians (Ching Dynasty), Turkish, and Mongolians Language - Subject+object+Verb (Altaic word order) as opposed to Subject+verb+object (English word order) Archaeology - Paleolithic -> Old stone age 2.5 million years ago - Anima -> Animalistic belief of living things having spirits, basis in Shamanism - Shaman’s can control the spirits in the world - Shamanism -> Characteristic religion of North Asia and in many different religions and beliefs world wide Chosun - Old Chosun always called Chosun by China - Old Chosun at the beginning of Korean history, new Chosun the last kingdom Language - Korean comes from Altaic language family (Turkish, Mongolian, Tungus (Northern Asian), Manchu (Ching Dynasty), Japanese - China, Japan, Korea -> Share much vocabulary but not grammar - Korea used Chinese writing system until the 15 century - Chinese ideographs mixed with the Korean in modern day due to previous pertinence in society - Japanese modified Chinese characters to create their own writing - Se Jong Dynasty -> Had new writing system created (Se Jong was a scholar) 1443 AD - Hangul tested for three years-> 1446 AD writing system declared useable to all of Korea Oct. 9 - Gender and plural/singular does not affect verb conjugations in Korean - Not a tonal language like Chinese - Korean lacks F, V, Th, The/That, Z, R/L, and W sounds th th 4 /5 Century BC - Korean ancestors enter Korea and society develops - Wall, town, state -> confederated kingdom (most developed old Chosun) Tangun - Son of heaven who came down to the Korean Peninsula 2333 BC Han Chinese - Four original Han Commanderies in Northern Korea - 1 Century BC-3 Century AD - Local Korean community resists until only one commanderie left - Han Chinese left strong political, cultural impact - Very little nationalistic concept at this time, Korea and China are very close (almost like different states rather than different countries)
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