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MUSIC 140 Lecture Notes [Full Course] File contains concise, accurate summary of lecture notes taken during the course. Arranged chronologically by date for ease of use. Contains notes from the entire semester.

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Simon Wood

May 20 2010 MUSIC 140 SpiritualAdoption of European Hymns Interpretation of Bible Spirituals precivil warGospel post civil war Lined HymnCall and response Use of body clapping and stomping Ecstatic outcry of participants during song Distortion of vocal timbre Post Slavery 1865Sharecropping and Jim Crow o After slavery was abolished sharecropping was when former slave owners told former slaves that they would give them a small portion of the crop and they would have to work that share on their own At the end of the year the owner would take those crops and sell them and share the profits with the former slave 5050 In the beginning however the slaves had no property so they needed the former slave owner to set them up in the first place with food a place to stay equipment etc This would lead to indentured servitude as the former slave never made enough with his crop to equalize what the former slave owner spent on setting them up o Jim Crow laws in southern states said that in your own establishment you could choose who you wanted to serve and who you didnt and that you could make this decision based on skin color Led to segregation of blacks and whites Laws passed due to bitterness about the south losing the war Systemic racism o In this postwar environment we begin to see the emergence of Jazz Ragtime and Blues New forms of music appear during late 1800s 1 Ragtime 2 Jazz 3 Blues The reason there is a lag between the time of the end of slavery and the emergence of new culture 30 years or so is because it is around that time that the children of slaves begin showing up These children do not have the same mindset as their parents because they didnt spend most of their lives as slaves Country Rural BluesWandering musician Male vocalist with Acoustic guitar Blues are a musical form and musical aesthetic o No difference between Country and Rural Blues Blues musicians were overwhelmingly male due to the inherent danger of the lifestyle Aesthetic CharacteristicsPlaintive vocal soundlament Themes include Travel Economics and Love o Economics was not an issue if you were a slave now it becomes a problem Musical Form Characteristics12 measure phrases aab lyric pattern Call and response between guitar and voice Associative coherence o Making sense out of things by putting them together Floating pool of verse Bars 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Chords IIVIV IV ILyrics aabThe chromatic scale of the West has no cosmic significant social construct scales differ in places like India and Indonesia Warning Half the blues that we listen to will vary from the above model in some way The selfconscious view of music is based on the idea of a musical object you are trying to reproduce a piece of music with your instrument in your mind there exists a perfect rendition of that music and in your mind you are trying to capture that perfect performance The nonselfconscious approach is more interested in the idea of process Is what happens during the performance meeting the musical needs of the moment are the collection of people in the venue with you happy with that piece of music if so then the performance is a success Travelin Blues Blind Willie McTell 1927Travel and Economics Uneven bar countsWhy Solo musician nobody has to follow him Lack of selfconsciousness o Selfconsciousness being somebody who is thinking clearly about what it is they are doing and evaluating in real time what it is that they do on the basis of right or wrong Accent and nasal sound of voice Folk music Robert Johnson 19111938Defined standards for blues guitar November 1936June 1937 Only two recording sessions Referred to as a guitar hero Remarkable story that goes along with him he hung around Blues players as a young man and wanted to play so badly that he would try to go on stage with his guitar and would get thrown out because he was so bad For 1218 months following this he vanished and nobody could find him only clues suddenly he reappears and is all of a sudden the best Country Blues guitar player in the world Led to stories that Robert Johnson sold his soul to the Devil the deal being that for a few years he would be the best Country Blues guitar player for a couple years and then die young which he did Poisoned by perhaps one of his many girlfriends or one of the husbands of his many girlfriends Sweet Home Chicago Robert Johnson November 1936Even bar counts Introduction and conclusion
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