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Final

Final Review This gives a final look at all of the different paradigms side by side. It's very useful to clarify some confusing parts of the course material.

4 Pages
308 Views
Winter 2011

Department
Peace and Conflict Studies
Course Code
PACS201
Professor
Nathan Funk
Study Guide
Final

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Power Politics Paradigm
World Order Paradigm
Conflict ResolutionParadigm
Nonviolence Paradigm
Transformation Paradigm
Peace
Peace is the absence of war
Prescription for peace
military preparedness,
diplomacy, alliances to power
or achieve hegemony
Peace (direct) through
coercive power to
deter/compel and alliance
systems
Peace is more than the absence of
war, it requires broad-based
consensus-building on norms/rules;
institutionalized cooperation on
global scale, progress is possible
Direct and structural through: the
powers of law consensus, institution
building and global civil society
Peace through the power of
communication, respect for
interests and needs
(win/win solutions) and
reconciliation
Peace (comprehensive)
through: collective action and
advocacy, willpower and
disciplined rejection of violence
Nonviolence as a way of life
non-injury, love of enemy,
spirituality and nonviolence
Peace (comprehensive)
through: unlearning violence,
development of “whole”
human being, personal acts of
moral courage and
imagination
War/
Violence/
Power
Wars happen because of
scarcity of resources, power
plays, in response to
demography
High-intensity armed conflict;
it is an extension of politics
and it is a calculated thought
process
War among states reflects
competition in the
international system; final
arbiter of disputes; based on
rational calculations of
national interest
War within states reflects
weak government, or lack of
national unity; strengthen
central government, help one
side win or partition (options)
Alliances states form
alliances to advance their
interests; bipolarity vs. multi-
polarity
Violence from:
Natural competition, bad
actors and a struggle for
power/security and wealth
Underdeveloped global governance
system
Complex intersection of economic,
social, political and environmental
processes (poor countries face major
disadvantages, under provision of
public goods)
Violence: from misgovernance,
structural inequalities and lack of
effective and humane international
institutions, respect for international
law
Violence from: troubled
historical relationships
between individuals and
groups, misperceptions and
self-serving biases and
miscommunication
Power the ability to
dominate another or to
push them very hard to do
what they don’t want to do
Violence from: strategic
dependence on violence,
relations of domination and
subordination, “culture of
violence”
Power perceptions people
with money; people who are
able to control an audience the
stock market, images of
weapons, the TV and the media
Violence from: belief systems
and values (excessive
materialism, egocentrism,
ethnocentrism), moral,
spiritual and/or educational
deficits

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Description
Power Politics Paradigm World Order Paradigm Conflict ResolutionParadigm Nonviolence Paradigm Transformation Paradigm Peace Peace is the absence of war Peace is more than the absence of Peace through the power of Peace comprehensive Peace comprehensivewar it requires broadbased communication respect for through collective action and through unlearning violence Prescription for peaceconsensusbuilding on normsrules interests and needs advocacy willpower and development of whole military preparedness institutionalized cooperation on winwin solutions and disciplined rejection of violence human being personal acts of diplomacy alliances to power global scale progress is possible reconciliationmoral courage and or achieve hegemonyNonviolence as a way of lifeimaginationDirect and structural through the noninjury love of enemy Peace direct through powers of law consensus institution spirituality and nonviolence coercive power to building and global civil society detercompel and alliance systems War Wars happen because of Underdeveloped global governance Violence from troubled Violence from strategic Violence from belief systems Violence scarcity of resourcespower system historical relationships dependence on violence and values excessive Power plays in response tobetween individuals and relations of domination and materialism egocentrism demography Complex intersection of economic groups misperceptions and subordination culture of ethnocentrism moralsocial political and environmental selfserving biases and violence spiritual andor educational Highintensity armed conflict processes poor countries face major miscommunicationdeficits it is an extension of politics disadvantages under provision ofPower perceptionspeople and it is a calculated thought public goods Powerthe ability to with money people who are processdominate another or to able to control an audience theViolence from misgovernance push them very hard to do stock market images of War among statesreflects structural inequalities and lack of what they dont want to do weapons the TV and the media competition in the effective and humane international international system final institutions respect for international arbiter of disputes based on law rational calculations of national interest War within statesreflects weak government or lack of national unity strengthen central government help one side win or partition optionsAlliancesstates form alliances to advance their interests bipolarity vs multipolarityViolence from Natural competition bad actors and a struggle for powersecurity and wealth
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