Final Review This gives a final look at all of the different paradigms side by side. It's very useful to clarify some confusing parts of the course material.

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University of Waterloo
Peace and Conflict Studies
PACS 201
Nathan Funk

Power Politics Paradigm World Order Paradigm Conflict ResolutionParadigm Nonviolence Paradigm Transformation Paradigm Peace Peace is the absence of war Peace is more than the absence of Peace through the power of Peace comprehensive Peace comprehensivewar it requires broadbased communication respect for through collective action and through unlearning violence Prescription for peaceconsensusbuilding on normsrules interests and needs advocacy willpower and development of whole military preparedness institutionalized cooperation on winwin solutions and disciplined rejection of violence human being personal acts of diplomacy alliances to power global scale progress is possible reconciliationmoral courage and or achieve hegemonyNonviolence as a way of lifeimaginationDirect and structural through the noninjury love of enemy Peace direct through powers of law consensus institution spirituality and nonviolence coercive power to building and global civil society detercompel and alliance systems War Wars happen because of Underdeveloped global governance Violence from troubled Violence from strategic Violence from belief systems Violence scarcity of resourcespower system historical relationships dependence on violence and values excessive Power plays in response tobetween individuals and relations of domination and materialism egocentrism demography Complex intersection of economic groups misperceptions and subordination culture of ethnocentrism moralsocial political and environmental selfserving biases and violence spiritual andor educational Highintensity armed conflict processes poor countries face major miscommunicationdeficits it is an extension of politics disadvantages under provision ofPower perceptionspeople and it is a calculated thought public goods Powerthe ability to with money people who are processdominate another or to able to control an audience theViolence from misgovernance push them very hard to do stock market images of War among statesreflects structural inequalities and lack of what they dont want to do weapons the TV and the media competition in the effective and humane international international system final institutions respect for international arbiter of disputes based on law rational calculations of national interest War within statesreflects weak government or lack of national unity strengthen central government help one side win or partition optionsAlliancesstates form alliances to advance their interests bipolarity vs multipolarityViolence from Natural competition bad actors and a struggle for powersecurity and wealth
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