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Final

Consequentialism Exam Note

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 110B
Professor
Brian Orend
Semester
Fall

Description
Consequentialism:  Consequences  Pleasure + Pain  in the end, we want the best consequences  Like Deontology  Unlike VE o Like deontology  Universality + rejects relativism o Like VE  blends prudence + morality  Allowed to have own preferences but must put into the hedonistic (universal) calculation  Evaluates actions  not character like VE  Examines results  not intention  Jeremy Bentham  atheist  universalist o Believed in education, women’s rights, gay rights, public health, prisoner’s rights  Utility = Pleasure - Pain  Rules are innate  rejects Kant’s theories  Utilitarianism  What can I do to make the world a better place?  consequentialist view  Mills  Run the Hedonistic Calculus  measures pleasure  want max pleasure o No such thing as higher pleasures  a pleasure is a pleasure  Ari believed in hierarchy of pleasures o A hedonist is someone that strives for pleasure  hedonism believes pleasure is the only essential good o Solving moral dilemmas = simple  run calculation  A or B  pleasure – pain  highest utility score wins o Results is “The Greatest Happiness for The Greatest Number”  “Ethical science”  avoids cultural relativity + religion + innate rules o  Peter Singer  contempora
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