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PLAN103 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Cable Television, Market Failure, Fiscal Gap


Course Code
Markus Moos
Study Guide

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Test 2 Review
February 4
What are the different degrees of citizen participation in planning?
there are three primary groups of citizen participation in planning; Citizen Power,
Tokenism, and Non Participation
Citizen Power
Citizen Control
Delegated Power
■ Partnership
○ Tokenism
■ Placation
■ Consultation
■ Informing
○ Non-Participation
■ Therapy
■ Manipulation
Discuss how public participation influences how planning is administered in the Canadian
The Ontario Planning Act requires public participation, and it is more than just sending
out newsletters. Techniques used depend on issue, time, and resources. Several non
statutory approaches are used such as open houses, social media, surveys, and town
hall meetings. Citizens can take part in planning by attending public meetings and
voicing their opinion, both in meetings and to councillors.
What is NIMBY? Why do planners need to know about it?
February 11

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What are three common sources of municipal revenue in Canada?
● Taxes
User Fees
Transfers from senior governments
Which revenue source has traditionally been the largest component of a municipalities total
revenue stream?
Property taxes
What limits how municipalities are permitted to collect revenue?
municipalities are under the control of provincial governments
property tax is inelastic and there is no immediate response to changing values
property tax is visible to taxpayers which makes politicians accountable
province determines the financial capabilities of municipalities, not entirely
Why is there a growing fiscal gap in municipal budgets?
downloading of responsibilities from senior governments onto municipal governments
with little or no additional funding provided
higher service standards
growing aversion to borrowing
What are the differences between revenue, capital, and reserve funds?
● Revenue
money received and operating expenditures
● Capital
assets such as stadiums, roads, city buildings etc...
Reserve Funds
permissive vs regulatory
What is the difference between line-item and performance based budgets?
● Line-Item
easy to control and understand
function like a spending allowance
inflexible and little incentive to save money
○ incremental
Performance Based
better controls costs
lets you know if goals are being met
more efficient, less equitable
not fair, good programs can get cut
What are select principles of sustainable finance?
budget must match nature of expenses and revenues
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