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357r Exam Preparation Questions & Answers

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Political Science
PSCI 231
Brent Needham

Module 01 Exam Preparation Questions1 List other mental effects of family violence on victims In your opinion which effect is the most serious Justify your answer Discussion Questions in Wallace and Roberson Chapter 1 Module 01Depression a major depressive episode that lasts at least two weeks that consists of a depressed mood or loss of interest in almost all activities that significantly impairs functioning Symptoms include changes in appetite weight sleep psychomotor activity decreased energy feelings of worthlessness or guilt difficulty thinking concentrating or making decisions recurring thoughts of suicide or deathSubstance Abuse Maladaptive pattern of substance use Generally the substances are drugs or alcohol Results in significant adverse consequences due to repeated use such as failure to fulfill role obligations engaging in physically dangerous situations legal problems social and interpersonal problemsOther possible mental effects of family violenceOCDDissociationSchizophreniaAnxietyEating DisordersPanic DisorderAlmost any mental effects can be brought on by family violence as the result of being under stress However the degree to which the problem impacts a persons ability to function in their daily life impacts the importance of the problem In my opinion depression is the most serious mental effect of family violence Depression is widespread in society but it also has a widespread impact on an individuals life Daytoday functioning is very difficult with depression as it can be with other mental effects of family violence as well However because depression affects many domains of a persons life it can lead to further consequences such as financial consequences interpersonal problems etc Depression can also occur with the other mental effects listed 2 Should mentally ill psychotic people be allowed to care for children Think Question Module 01After reviewing material from Module One this question isnt a straight yes or no answer To reference Professor Paynes Personal Response to the Question of Positive Mental Health which can help the working professional understand the capabilities of persons suffering from mental health If a parent or caregiver possesses these qualities Professor Paynes plus my own1Achieve object constancy that is initial attachment to a love object such as a motherfather family member caregiver etc2 Sustain a sense of selfesteem which follows on the skill of self soothing that is theability to nurture yourself in the face of anxiety or threatening experience which buildstrust within ourselves3 Select healthy self objects friends that aid in sustaining a sense of selfesteem4 Develop empathy ie the ability to put yourself in another persons shoes but toexperience the phenomenon as the other person would experience the factors involvedAlso involves maintaining attachments creating new attachments and dealing withseparations5 Control impulses that is the ability to consider and act upon the positive and negativeconsequences of all potential thoughts feelings and behaviours6 Formulate a sense of direction which potentially leads to feelings of competence andworth7 Generate and continue to build positive energy to deal with everchanging lifecircumstances8 Ability to emotionally financially and physically support a childchildrens emotional physical and developmental needs9 The parent is able to adapt to the childs developmental needs and challenge for new growth and development10 The somatic symptoms or behaviours of the mental illness does not interfere or has little effect on a persons daily activitiesThen a parent should be allowed to care for a child Just because the stigmatization of a mental illness has very negative stereotypes does not mean they should be denied the opportunity to raise a child Many people who suffer from a mental illness lead very normal functioning livesOn the other hand if a parent is unable to meet the needs of a child or has difficulties functioning in daily activities due to suffering of the mental illness then a child could be susceptible to emotional physical abuse or neglect With the child being left in a vulnerable situation the parent or caregiver should not denied primary care of the child for the child protectionModule 02 Exam Preparation Questions1 Numerous sociological explanations of family violence or of destructive life styles such as prostitution are available to illustrate causes economic advantagesdisadvantages changing patterns issues of legalization etc but from a mental health perspective use the framework of a development of a neurosis to help explain the existence of personal trauma or behavioural patterns experienced by victims of family violence or of destructive life styles such as prostitution Module 02A situation of family violence or a destructive lifestyle can lead the victim into a situation in which they cannot cope creating the precipitating factor into developing a neurosis Even after the event has passed these memories can be resurfaced by experiences of failures that cause the victim to regress into maladaptive behavioural patterns that they previously used to cope with those situations The Development of a Neurosis 1 Precipitating factorsthe actual situation with which the patient cannot cope The precipitating factor is the trigger to the neurosis and in the case of family violence it may be a child who is constantly being physically abused by his parents Being a vulnerable person the child will not be able to cope with the stresses of being hurt at home 2 Failure in the solution of actual problemsunsuccessful attempts at adaptation of short or longer durationIn determining a solution the child may attempt to seek help from another parent but to no avail Eventually without a longterm solution a child may begin to internalize the anger that the parents are inflicting towards them 3 Regressionthe replacement of realistic effort to gratify needs by regressive fantasies and behaviour After being abused over a longterm period the child may regress to acting much younger than their age They may need instant gratification and may be unable to delay their needs and instead begin acting out with other adults and children4 Primary conflict revived by regressionthe revival of old conflicts by regression to old adaptive patterns abandoned in the course of growing up When the child grows up and deals with arguments that result in conflict that mimic the situations he went through growing up it may lead the child into old adaptive patterns If the child avoided the abusive parents the child may fear the person in which they are having the conflict and lash out at them with anger built up from years of childhood suffering 5 Selfpunitive measuresa futile struggle to resolve neurotic conflict by a combination of substitutive gratification and selfpunishment expressed in symptoms The futility of the attempt to resolve the conflict is due to the fact that the regressive desires the guilt and the resulting need for selfpunishment are all unconscious Only their disguised representation is conscious If the punishments stop occurring by the parents the child may still harbour feelings of failure
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