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Midterm 1 Study Guide Notes for the Psych 101 Midterm 1 - covers 15 modules of the Psych 101 textbook, as well as lectures notes

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University of Waterloo
Colin Mac Leod

Psychology NotesLecture Notes One Why psychology mattersCognitive psychologydecision making Big decisions often made emotionally Human being are good at learningmajor part of the courseSleepsleep deprivation dreamingChildhood developmentdevelopmental psychologygrowthLanguagespeech development Autism treatment is psychologicalthere is no medical treatment 1 or two cases per 1000 people are autistic 6 per 1000 with ASD 80 boys Leo Kanner came up with the first description of early infantile autism Autism and autistic spectrum disorders are lifelong neurodevelopment disorders affecting sociability and communication for which no medical treatments exist Children are often in motion repetitive behaviours ordering hand flapping A brain development disorder that impairs social interaction and communication and causes restricted and repetitive behavioursNot visible A developmental and behavioural patter the triad of impairments Social interaction social communication imagination or generalization Spectrum autistic disorder aspergers disorder childhood disintegrative disorder retts disorder pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specifiedAspergersnormal intelligence and language development but lack of social awarenessand deficiencies in communication skills Often perform well on school tests but are awkward or inappropriate socially Dont know how to interpret social signs sent by others body languageOften seen as eccentric or odd and hence at risk of being bullied by peersDoes not babble point or make meaningful gestures by one year of age Do not speak one word by sixteen months Does not combine two words by two years Does not respond to name Appears to be unaware when people address himher but responds to other sounds Avoids eye contact Does not smileWants to be alone Does not seem to know how to play with toys Excessively lines up toys or other objects Does not point or look at objects to show interest Unusual reactions to the way things smell taste look feel or soundChildren with a family history of autism are more likely to get itTreatment intensive behavioural intervention applied behaviour analysis Clinical psychology cultural social psychologyDifficulties exist in order to be overcomeAlfred Adler psychologistPsychology the science of behavior and mental processesStructuralism an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind required smart verbal peopleproved to be somewhat unreliableits results varied from person to person and between each experience As well we sometimes dont know why we feel what we feel and do what we do Functionalism a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes functionhow the enable us to adapt survive and flourish adaptiveconsciousness serves a functionenables to consider our past adjust to our present circumstances and plan our futurePsychology as we know it began in 1879 in Germanys University of Leipzig The first psychological experiment was led by Prof Wilhelm WundtBehaviorism the view that psychology 1 should be an objective science that 2 studies behavior without reference to mental processes Most research psychologists today agree with 1 but not 2The scientific study of observable behaviorHumanistic Psychology historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individuals potential for personal growthenvironmental circumstances need for love and acceptance
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