• Associative Learning: Learning that certain events occur together.
• Classical Conditioning: Atype of learning in which one learns to link two or more
stimuli and anticipate events.
• The phenomenon was explored by Ivan Pavlov.
• Learning: Arelatively permanent change in an organism’s behavior due to experience.
• Behaviorism: The view that 1) psychology should be an objective science 2) that studies
behavior without reference to mental processes. Most psychologists agree with 1 but not
• Ivan Pavlov received a noble prize for studying the digestive system but his experiments
on learning earned him a place in history.
• Unconditioned response (UR): In classical conditioning, the unlearned, naturally
occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus (US), such as salivation when food is in
• Unconditioned stimulus (US): In classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally-
naturally an automatic, triggers a response.
• Conditioned response (CR): The learned response to a previously neutral stimulus (CS).
• Conditioned stimulus (CS): An originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with
an unconditioned response, comes to trigger a conditioned response.
• Acquisition: In classical conditioning, the initial stage, when one links a neutral stimulus
and an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus begins triggering the
conditioned response. In operant conditioning, the strengthening of a reinforced response.
• Higher-order conditioning: A procedure in which the conditioned stimulus in one
conditioning experience is paired with a new neutral stimulus, creating a second (often
weaker) conditioned stimulus.
• Extinction: The diminishing of a conditioned response
• Occurs when US is not followed by CS- example not giving food after ringing
tone. • After