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Psych notes after midterm.docx

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University of Waterloo
Mathieu Doucet

Module 23 • Associative Learning: Learning that certain events occur together. • Classical Conditioning: Atype of learning in which one learns to link two or more stimuli and anticipate events. • The phenomenon was explored by Ivan Pavlov. • Learning: Arelatively permanent change in an organism’s behavior due to experience. • Behaviorism: The view that 1) psychology should be an objective science 2) that studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Most psychologists agree with 1 but not 2. • Ivan Pavlov received a noble prize for studying the digestive system but his experiments on learning earned him a place in history. • Unconditioned response (UR): In classical conditioning, the unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus (US), such as salivation when food is in the mouth. • Unconditioned stimulus (US): In classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally- naturally an automatic, triggers a response. • Conditioned response (CR): The learned response to a previously neutral stimulus (CS). • Conditioned stimulus (CS): An originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned response, comes to trigger a conditioned response. • Acquisition: In classical conditioning, the initial stage, when one links a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus begins triggering the conditioned response. In operant conditioning, the strengthening of a reinforced response. • Higher-order conditioning: A procedure in which the conditioned stimulus in one conditioning experience is paired with a new neutral stimulus, creating a second (often weaker) conditioned stimulus. • Extinction: The diminishing of a conditioned response • Occurs when US is not followed by CS- example not giving food after ringing tone. • After
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