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Psychology Final Exam Study Notes Lecture 1 - Basic model o Within environment Person Behaviour Outcome Behaviour Learned or instinctive, patterns of behaviour, escalation of behaviour (fighting back) Outcome What are the results, the consequences for aggressor, victims and bystanders A child who see domestic violence is likely to believe love and violence go together; thus more likely to use violent methods ABC Affect mood, emotion, feeling Behavior the actions the person engages in Cognition though processes, perception o Aggressive children sees malicious intent where a non- aggressive child sees a more positive intent in others o Decision making, how do we rationalize? Etc. Perspectives of psychology o Psychodynamic Action takes place in the person variable The reason for a behavior of a person lies in the unconscious mind o Behavioural Action occurs in the environment People behaved the way they did, based on what happened in their world They learned to react the way they do based on environmental stimuli o Cognitive The cognitive movement is how people process actions Keep in mind other perspectives, learns from them and incorporates from them o Biological Neuropsychology Study of the mind (software) and the brain (hardware) Genetics Human genome project, pathology/genetic link etc. Psychology Final Exam Study Notes Evolution Emotions evolve fixed patterns in the response to certain environmental conditions People study evolution of social behaviours o Socio-cultural Historically in psychology, tend to focus on the individual: why is aggression individual Why is society aggressive Sociology and psychology begin to find common ground Macro and collective responses (Vancouver riots) - Sciences of psychology o Refinement of everyday thinking o Process not a topic Observe set goalsrefine from theory o Requirements Empirical Replicable Falsifiable Lecture 2 - Different theories address which theories o Attachment Theory affective development o Social Learning Theory behavioural development o Jean Piagets Theory cognitive development - Affective Development o Attachment theory Freudian Psychodynamic Child is forming a love relationship motivated by sex Child is always looking for a gratification Behaviourists A learning stage: rewards being given by an adult Not primary love attachment, but instead a PAVOLOVIAN condition o Harry Harlow (monkey and cotton) o Marry Ainsworth (does it apply to humans? Secure Baby Normal kid Ambivalent loser Avoidant Too cool kid (bully) o A child being born has attachment to their primary caregiver (mother) Psychology Final Exam Study Notes Forms an emotional bond to one another - Behavioral Development : social learning theory o Walter and Julian rotter o Process if Social Learning Attention retention motoric reproductionmotivation - Cognitive Development :jean Piaget o Schema Internal representation of the outside world What defines everything (a dog is?) o Equilibration New things are okay, as long as it doesnt change or contradict the schema Naked dog? o Dis-equilibration (motivation) Something new that does contradict the schema Curiosity of child o Assimilation Takes an outside object and corporates it into an existing schema o Accommodation New object, new schema pattern must be created in order for the object to make sense o Stages of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor (b-2) Experience and understand the immediate world through senses Preoperational (2-6) Represents things with words and symbols but lack logical reasoning, Pretending Concrete (6-11) Logical thinking, preform math Formal Operational (12+) Think and reason abstractly Solve theatrical properties Lecture 3 - Neuropsychology is defined as the relationship between the mind and the brain - Electrical Component discovered by Galvani o From frog legs and electricity - Chemical Component discovered by Lowie o Hear in fluid, Ach - Therefore is combination of both - Neurotransmitters o Ach
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