Study Guides (247,982)
Canada (121,201)
Psychology (623)
PSYCH 101 (177)
n.a (8)

Week 7-COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY II.doc

3 Pages
80 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 101
Professor
n.a
Semester
Summer

Description
COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY II- Week 7 A. Cognitive Psychology II: Perception, Preconceptions and Judgment • For perception, keep in mind that whole is not equal to the sum of its parts o Figure and ground in perception o Gestalt principles • Our knowledge and preconceptions shape our perceptions o Illusions o Perceptual set • Judgment under uncertainty o Heuristics in judgment o Artificial intelligence B. Perception • Gestalt psychologists o The whole is not equal to the sum or its parts o Our thoughts and preconceptions shape what we perceive o We don’t perceive reality; reality may be out there in the abstract, but out perception are out take on reality o We do not see exactly what is out there, our perceptions are shaped by our thought o See through lens of our thoughts and preconceptions o Figure is what stands out; ground is what is behind that is not being perceived at the moment that you are looking at it. o Figure/ground perceptions tell us that we taking the stimuli and adding our preconceptions and understandings to it, thus influencing what we see o Grouping principles: groups thing that are close together as belonging to one another o Group things due to proximity and similarity, continuity, connectedness o Principal of closure: things point in certain direction, you want to close the space with lines. Implying meaning when its physically not there at all o Principles of Good Form: see things as a whole, even if not there. C. Our knowledge and preconceptions shape our perceptions • Thoughts, preconceptions, beliefs influence what we see in the world • Thinking influences our perception of things in the world around us D. Judgment under uncertainty 1. Schemas and Heuristics • Thoughts are influenced by the way we think about the world o In particular, our judgments that we make are influenced by the world • Schemas o The ways in which we think about the world o How we come to understand what the world is like o Shortcut summaries of what the world is like • Heuristics o Simple ways to think about things o Shortcut strategies we use when we are making decisions • Why do we need schemas? o There is so much information that we are exposed to tat we cannot possibly remember it all o We have to decide what we pay attention to and what we do not pay attention to o We need to summarize al the information that is coming in from all 5 senses and decide what is most important o If we are
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 101

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit