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Final

RESEARCH EXAMPLE: JOURNAL INTERPRETATION PSYCH 291

4 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 291
Professor
Joanne Wood

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Why common sense goes out the window: Effects of alcohol on intentions to use condoms. (Psych 291 course interpretation) MacDonald, T. K., Zanna, M. P., & Fong, G. T. Background: *Only 15 – 38% of sexually active young people report using a condom every time they have intercourse. Yet most think that people should use condoms. Background: Background: *Only 15 – 38% of sexually active young people report using a condom every time they have intercourse. Yet most think that people should use condoms. *Previous evidence has indicated that people who regularly consume alcohol are more likely to engage in high-risk sexual behaviour. Background: Background: *Only 15 – 38% of sexually active young people report using a condom every time they have intercourse. Yet most think that people should use condoms. *Previous evidence has indicated that people who regularly consume alcohol are more likely to engage in high-risk sexual behaviour. So does alcohol à high-risk sex? rd 3 variable problem? MacDonald et al.’s Hypothesis: *Alcohol decreases the likelihood of condom use during casual sex. *“alcohol myopia” (Steele)—alcohol intoxication decreases cognitive capacity, so intoxicated people pay attention to only the most salient aspects of the situation. *The salient cues in the casual sex situation involve passion, not the long-term risks involved. Study 1: Correlational *Psych 101 students—survey in mass testing *Participants were those who were single, sexually active, and who reported that they often used condoms. *The last time you had sexual intercourse… *Did you use a condom? *Did you consume alcohol? How much? Results for men: Conclusion: *Even among men who use condoms, drinking is associated with less condom use. *This helps with the 3 variable problem – ruled out “risky personality” by controlling the variable--turning the variable into a constant. But did alcohol decrease condom use? Study 2: Lab Experiment *Participants: Male Psych 101 students who reported that they drink socially, are not in an exclusive relationship, are sexually active, and usually use condoms. *Two conditions: *Sober *Intoxicated – 3 drinks (blood alcohol level of .084%) Study 2: Lab Experiment *Watched video of “Mike” and “Rebecca” who are very close to going to bed together for the first time but realize they have no condoms. * “If I were in this situation, I would engage in sexual intercourse with Rebecca” 1 2
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