PSYCH101 Study Guide - Final Guide: Neurotransmitter Receptor, Sensory Neuron, Sleep Paralysis

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21 Apr 2013
Department
Course
Professor
Introduction 4/17/2013 12:57:00 PM
The ABC’s of psychology
Affect
o Feelings, emotions, mood
Behaviour
o Actions, responses, performance
Cognition
o Thoughts, decisions, attitudes
The Basic Model
Environment
Person Behaviour Outcomes
Perspectives
Psychodynamic
o Focuses on the person
o Subconscious forces
Behaviourism
o Focuses on behavior
o Overt responses
Sociocultural
o Focuses on environment
o Groups, society, culture
Cognitive
o Focuses on the person
o Thought and perception
Biological
o Focuses on the person
o Brain, evolution, genetics
Goals of Science
Understand
Explain
Predict
Control
Formation of a Theory
Form a hypothesis
Observe
Analyze
Refine Theory
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Develop Theory
Criteria of Science
Empirical
Replicable
Falsifiable
Correlation
Numerous links
Eg. Low self-esteem and Depression
o Low self-esteem could lead to depression
o Depression could lead to low self-esteem
o Distressing events and biology could cause both
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Developmental Psychology 4/17/2013 12:57:00 PM
Two theories of attachment
Psychodynamic
o Primary biological need is sex
o Secondary emotional need is attachment
Behaviourist
o Primary biological need is survival
o Secondary emotional need is attachment
Harlow
Harlow argued that there is no love or attachment because it is not
a basic survival need, but what about a child’s survival due to
attachment to their mother?
Experiment
o Monkeys given two surrogate mothers, one made of wire, the
other covered in fur. One mother feeds them, infant should
grow attached to the mother that provides it with food. The
monkeys always grew attached to the furry mother because
they spent most time with that mother, and only went to the
other mother for help
Emotional attachment is a primary motivational need that serves
evolutionary purposes
o Pit of despair when raised in isolation, they die
The Strange Situation
Mary Ainsworth
Mother and a child volunteer sit in a room. Toys are far from the
mother. Stranger enters and talks to mother, introducing anxiety,
mom leaves. Stranger and separation anxiety are introduced. Child
panics, mother reenters, child returns to normal.
Attachment Patterns
Secure: trust that they will be okay
Insecure/ Anxious:
o Ambivalent: lack trust, happy to see mother return, angry she
left
o Avoidant: confident in themselves, do not show interest in
mother leaving or returning
Interacting Sources of Attachment
Explains different attachment patterns in the same family
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