PSYCH 101- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 53 pages long!)

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28 Mar 2018
Department
Course
Professor
UW
PSYCH 101
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Memory
January 18, 2018
4:02 PM
Stage Model: Encoding and Storage
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
Take in information
Store information
Retrieve information
previously stored
Sensory memory
→ temporary storage of sensory information, capacity is high, duration is less than 1
second for vision or a few seconds for hearing
Background "noise" → habituated or desensitized stimuli forgotten within seconds → not
registered nor transferred to STM
Foreground "information" → internal trigger → motivated and aroused to perceived certain
information → arousal stimuli
→ external trigger → selective attention to changes in
environment → stimuli → arousal
→ both registered and transferred to STM
Short Term Memory
→ brief storage of information current being used, capacity is limited, duration is less than
20 seconds
Long Term Memory
→ relatively permanent storage of information, capacity is unlimited, duration is
long/permanent
→ "the more you know, the more you can know (assimilate)"
Studying
1. Establish study schedule
→ study contrasting material → prevents interference
→use distributed study sessions → spacing effects
→ develop better retention and recall,
especially in the long run, if you use the same
amount
of study time spread out over many shorter
sessions
2. Get in the "zone"
→ be optimally aroused
→ mentally alert and motivated
→ physically rested and healthy → nutrition, daily activities
→ minimize distractions
3. Create disequilibration
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→ must encounter information that is new, surprising, or contradictory
→ begin by creating a "false schema"
→ table of contents, learning objectives/focus questions,
4. Test your "false schema"
→ read textbook, attend class
→ "false" vs true schema
→ resolve disequilibration through; assimilation → "can I keep anything from
my schema?"
accommodation → "aha, that's what it is"
5. Deeper processing of material
→ judicious highlighting
→ teaching "grandma"
6. Allow the material to incubate
→ it takes time and brain resources to incubate → neurologically and
cognitively
→ sleep on it
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