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Lecture 1 INTRODUCTION Learning Objectives: Lecture Content of Psychology 1) Describe the basic model of psychology and the three major variables. 2) Describe the ABC's of psychology. Perspectives of Psychology 3) Describe the different perspe


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH101
Professor
Richard Ennis
Study Guide
Final

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INTRODUCTION
Learning Objectives: Lecture
Content of Psychology
1. Describe the basic model of psychology and the three major variables.
2. Describe the ABC's of psychology.
Perspectives of Psychology
3. Describe the different perspectives and explain their focus on human experience.
Science of Psychology
4. Describe the goals of science.
5. Explain the scientific method of refinement.
6. Describe the criteria of science.
7. Describe and explain correlational and causal relationships among variables.
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LECTURE NOTES
PERSON -> BEHAVIOUR -> OUTCOME
o Variables in the environment
o Person engages in behavior
Looking at WHO doing WHAT, WHY?
Depending on your study you’ll focus on one of the three cariables more than the others
There is always an environment influencing us
o Could chance the behavior of the person engaging in it
o Changes context
o Could stop you from doing something or it could start you doing something you
normally wouldn’t
Always a person interacting with environment, produces a behavior, certain outcomes
occur
ABC’s of psychology
o Inter-related
o Tripart-type model
o A affect (emotions, mood)
o B behaviour
o C cognition (thoughts, ideas, decisions, beliefs)
Eg. Prejudice: A = hate towards a group, B = discrimination, C = stereotypes
Phenomenons have all 3 parts related to them
o Very rare when not together
No one way of looking at psychology
Schools fo thought can be contradictory
Generally 5 perspectives of psychology:
o Psychodynamic, behavioural, cognitive, biological (neuropsychology, evolution,
genetics), socio-cultural
Psychodynamic -> FREUD
o All action in psychology takes place in the unconscious mind of the person
Driving force is unconscious instincts
Opposing viewpoint: behaviourists
o Everything that is important is taking place beyond the observable/measurable in
psychodynamic
o Wanted to be more scientific
o Human behaviour reflects what’s in the mind
o Learning theory
NOTE: unconscious really means subconscious
Behav -> psychology took over
o Learning principles
o Closely-knit community, rigid regime
o “good psychology is behaviour”
Cognitive -> thought processes in conscious mind
o You can measure mental activities
Questionnaires
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