PSYCH101 Study Guide - Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Cognitive Therapy, Mental Health Professional

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Published on 5 Aug 2012
University of Waterloo
Week 9-Clinical Psychology II
a. Clinical Psychology II: Therpaies-The Big picture
Anxiety disorders,
o Cognitive behavior therapies and phobias
Mood disorders
o Medication and therapy
o Medication therap
Evaluating therapies
o Is therapy effectibe?
o If so, what makes it effective?
b. Anziety Disorders
o Very successful in therapy
o Usually treated with cognitive therapy
o Systematic desentization-showing fear over and over again, and control thoughts
with peaceful calming, thoughts to be used to the fear
o Cognitive behavioural therapy: trying to get people to engage I nbehaviours that will
help them out, while at the same time utilizing their thoughts as a way t o encourage
and develop those behaviours
More serious anxiety disorders
o Agoraphobia, social phobia, obsesice compulsive disorder
o Usually treated with a combination of drug therapy and cognitive therapy
c. Mood Disorders
Treated with both medication and cognitive therapy.
Cognitive therapy for dperessions
o Remember that the critical issue for depressed peope in their thinking is that hey
tend to make a catastrophe of all the events in their lives
o Focuses on the thoughts that depressed people have
15% to 20% of the people seeking therapy are experienging major depression
o they don’t respond to drugs or therapy
o often become suicidal
ECT-Electro convulsive Therapy
o In the 40s and 50s this type of therapy was used as punishment ; as a way to control
patients in the mental hospitals
o They discovered that depressed people sometimes got better from it
o Put the individual under anesthesia and using only one half of the brain, will apply
electric currents to noe side of the brain or the other
o This form of therapy is still controversial since it is still unclear as to how it actually
o How often the treatments must be carried out will vary depending on the individual
About 30% to 40% will be better without any treatment in 6-9 months
Biploar disorder
o Treated with medication
o Lithium is the medication used
d. Schizophrenia
Treated with medication
It would not be easy to do therapy with someone who is not making any sense
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