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PSYCH 253- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 33 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH253
Professor
Richard Eibach
Study Guide
Final

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UW
PSYCH 253
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Jan 9
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Sex and Power
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β€’Self-report survey:
β€’High sexual aggression male will be significantly affected by power. Focusing their mind
on power, will automatically activate their sexual aggression.
β€’Low sexual aggression male receive little effect by power
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What is Social Psychology
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β€’The scientific study of the feelings, thoughts, and behaviours of individuals in social situations.
β€’The study of social influence.
β€’How people’s feelings, thoughts and behaviour are affected others and situations, the real
or imagined opinions, or the mere presence of other people
β€’Situations which people exert influence over one another, also the ways people respond
to influence
β€’How people make sense of their world
β€’Research topics:
β€’judgement
β€’decision making
β€’social influence
β€’how people function in a group
β€’Key principles of social psychology
β€’Many of our most strongly held folk theories or intuitions fail to give complete answers
to important questions, and others are just plain wrong
β€’Social Psychologists test these intuitions and real the causes of behaviour in
social situations
β€’Behaviour is joint function of attributes of the person and features of the situation
β€’if we want to understand their behaviour, we can’t just look at themselves, but also
the social situation
β€’Our intuitions overestimate the influence of traits of the person (e.g. personality,
attitudes, values) and underestimate the influence of the situation on behaviour
β€’To predict and explain behaviour it is critical to analyze not just the objective features of
the situation but also the subjective situation as it appears from the actor’s point of view
β€’the science of empathy
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Jan 9
Zimbardo Experiment
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β€’Haney, Banks, & Zimbardo, 1973
β€’the experiment that they pay 24 Stanford U students to be β€œguards” and β€œprisoners”
β€’Right away, the β€œguards" turned to verbal abuse and physical humiliation towards
the β€œprisoners”
β€’suggests:
β€’the balance of power in prisons is so unequal that they tend to be brutal places, unless the
guards observe strict regulations, to curb their worst impulse
β€’β€œit’s not good apples or bad apples, the barrel corrupts anything that it touches.”
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Comparisons over Disciplines
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False Confession
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β€’The phenomenon of false confession:
β€’social pressure lead people to confess they committed a crime, but later proven that they
did not
β€’social pressure will lead people to sometimes confess a crime that
β€’e.g. witch craft confession because they cannot take the torture
β€’Theory-driven social interactions:
β€’when the interrogator has a theory that the person is the criminal, when he\she interrogate
that person, confirmation bias kicked in.
Personality Psychology
-close cousin of social psychology
-emphasizes individual differences in behaviours
rather than social situation
-try to find a constant patter in one person’s
behaviour rather than changes due to the
situation
Cognitive psyhology
-how people perceive, think about, and
remember aspects of the world
-usually don't integrate with the social content
-many call themselves β€œcognitive social
psychologists”
Sociology
-study behaviour of people in the aggregate,
study things at a population level rather than
individual differences
-study institutions, subgroups, bureaucracies,
mass movements, and changes in the
population
!2
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