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Schachter and Gross Study - Basics Example PSYCH 291


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH291
Professor
Joanne Wood
Study Guide
Final

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Schachter and Gross, 1968
What makes people eat food?
Proposed:
*People who are obese are more affected by external cues to eat than people who are
not obese
*Used “doctored” clocks
*While participants filled out questionnaires they were offered crackers to eat
*researchers weighed the box of crackers before and after the session
*What is the i.v./predictor variable?
*Conceptual level--what were researchers trying to get at?
*Operational level--how did researchers try to get at it?
*What is the d.v.?
*Conceptual level
*operational level
Results
*Obese Ps in the fast clock condition ate nearly twice as much as obese Ps in the slow
clock condition.
*Obese people heavily influenced by external cue of time
* “Normal”-weight Ps ate more with slow clock than with fast clock
*responses opposite to pattern of obese Ps
*Why this reverse pattern?
*Perhaps “normal”-weight Ps did not want to spoil their appetites
Schachter and Gross, 1968
Study 2
What makes people eat food?
Proposed:
People who are obese are more affected by external cues to eat than people who are
“normal” weight
Same hypothesis as Study 1: People who are obese are more affected by external
cue of time to eat than people who are “normal” weight
Weekday vs. weekend eating
Weekdays are highly routinized
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