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Midterm

PSYCH317 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Sleep Hygiene, Bulimia Nervosa, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH317
Professor
Elizabeth Nilsen
Study Guide
Midterm

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Chapter 1
1. John Locke (1632-1704) advanced the belief that children were: emotionally sensitive beings__
2. Which method did Jean-Mar Itard use to tae the ild o of Aero?
Electric shock
Massages
Hot baths
Environmental stimulation
3. The 2007 UN Treaty adopted a new convention to: improve disability rights and abolish
discrimination__
4. Which would be an example of a common mistake in terms of labeling a child? Karlee is a
depressed child__
5. Boundaries between abnormal versus normal functioning are: relatively arbitrary__
6. Which of the following is not a developmental task of adolescence?
Self-control and compliance
Developmental tasks:
Academic achievement
Involvement in extracurriculars
Forming a cohesive sense of self-identity
7. In the 17th and 18th centuries, acts of child maltreatment: ere osidered to e a paret’s right
for educating or disciplining a child__
8. Who may refer a child for treatment?
Teachers
Peds
Parents
9. Whih is a eaple of a risk fator ireasig a hild’s ulerability to psychopathology?
Chronic poverty__
10. Children from poor and disadvantaged families demonstrate significantly __more chronic illness,
school problems, and hyperactivity__ than children who are not poor
11. Phone surveys suggest that about __1/3__ of 10-16 yos experience physical and/or sexual abuse
12. Which is true about children with the most chronic and serious disorders?
They face sizable difficulties throughout their lives
13. A child typically enters the mental system: through teachers, counselors, or parents
14. Many child and adolescent problems can be best described as the: failure to demonstrate
expected developmental progress
15. Most problematic behaviours shown by children are shown to some degree by most children
16. Interventions for children and adolescents are often intended to eliminate distress and promote
further development
17. In the 17th and 18th eturies, hildre’s etal health proles ere attriuted to possession
by the evil or other evil forces
18. Jean-Marc Itard is notable because his orientation toward children was one of care and helping
in contrast to the times
19. At the end of the 19th century, children with intellectual disabilities were regarded as IMBICLES
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20. At the end of the 19th centry, children with normal cognitive abilities but disturbing behaviour
were thought to be SUFFERING FROM MORAL INSANITY
21. The first unique disorder to children and adolescents was MASTURBATORY INSANITY
22. During the early part of the 20th century, the biological disease model of mental problems led to
EUGENICS AND SEGREGATION
23. Freud was the first to link mental disorders to EARLY CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES
24. Freud’s theor foused on MULTIPLE CAUSES OF BEHAVIOUR
25. Efforts to classify psychiatric disorders into descriptive categories are called NOSOLOGIES
26. WATSON is referred to as the Father of Behaviorism
27. The development of EVIDENCE-BASED treatment can be traced back to the rise of behaviorism
in the early 1900s
28. In the firs half of the 20th century, most children with mental disorders were
INSTITUITIONALIZED
29. The work of Rene Spitz RAISED SERIOUS CONCERNS ABOUT THE HARMFUL IMPACT OF
IN“TITUTIONALIZATION OF CHILDREN’“ DEVELOPMENT
30. During the 1950s and 60s, BEHAVIOR THERAPY emerged as a systematic approach to the
treatment of childhood disorders
31. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act IDEA mandates EDUCATION IN THE LEAST
RESTRICTIVE ENVIRONMENT POSSIBLE
32. What is the purpose of the Individualized Educational Plan IEP? TO TAILORE THE CHILD/S
SCHOOL PROGRAMS TO THEIR NEEDS
33. Psychological disorders are defined as patterns of behavioral, cognitive, emotional, or physical
symptoms that are associated with DISTRESS
34. In contrast to adults, abnormality in children is often defined in terms of STAGE OF
DEVELOPMENT
35. What concept states that various outcomes may stem from similar beginnings such as child
maltreatment? MULTIFINALITY
36. Successful adaptation to the environment varies across CULTURE AND ETHNICITY
37. The ability to successfully adapt in the environment is referred to as RESILIENCE - The ability to
avoid negative outcomes despite being at risk for psychopathology
38. To deterie a hild’s opeteies, it is useful to hae soe koledge of DEVELOPMENTAL
TASKS
39. Which of the following is not a developmental task of middle childhood? DIFFERENTIATING SELF
FROM ENVIRONMENT
40. Which of the following is not a developmental task of infancy? FORMING CLOSE FRIENDSHIPS
WITHIN AND ACROSS GENDER
41. Resiliency in boys is best associated with households in which there are MALE ROLDE MODELS,
STRUCTURE, AND ENCOURAGEMENT OF EMOTIONAL EXPRESSIVENESS
42. Multifinality refers to the observation that VARIOUS OUTCOMES MAY STEM FROM SIMILAR
BEGINNINGS
43. Conduct disorder may arise from different developmental pathways, a concept known as
EQUIFINALITY
44. Which is an example of resiliency? COPING SKILLS
45. A risk factor is a variable that INCREASES THE LIKELIHOOD THAT A NEGATIVE OUTCOME WILL
OCCUR
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