REC 100 Textbook Summary [Full Course] File contains concise, easy-to-read summaries of assigned textbook readings. Readings arranged chronologically by when they were assigned for ease of use; organized by chapter for increased readability.
University of Waterloo
Recreation and Leisure Studies
Chapter 1The classical view of leisure emphasizes contemplation enjoyment of self in search of knowledge debate politics and cultural enlightenment Aristotle considered leisure to be the noblest of pursuits Augustine who was a theologian and bishop noted that there were three types of life o Life of leisure o Life of action o Combined life of leisure and actionThese were all noble as long as the life of leisure did not ignore the needs of your neighbour and the life of action did not ignore the needs of God In Hinduism a distinction is made between Pravritti the active life and Nivritti the contemplative life The leisure as activity view of leisure may be defined as nonwork activity in which people engage during their free timeapart from obligations of work family and society Robert Stebbins has developed the concepts of serious leisure and casual leisure o Serious Leisure The systematic pursuit of an activity that participants find so substantial and interesting that they launch themselves on a career centered on acquiring and expressing its special skills knowledge and experienceAmateurs eg amateur artistsHobbyists eg collectorsVolunteers eg social welfare volunteers The distinctive qualities of serious leisure are as follows o The need to persevere in the activity o Finding a career of achievement or involvement in the activity o Making significant personal effort in the activity o Obtaining longlasting tangible or intangible benefits or rewards through the activity o Strong identification with the chosen activity o A unique ethos or social world of the participants who engage in the activity Casual Leisure An immediately intrinsically rewarding relatively shortlived pleasurable activity requiring little or no special training to enjoy In Islam leisure activities fulfill three desires o Amusement relaxation and laughter o Rhythmic tunes and the experience of objects through the senses o The desire to wonder learn and gain knowledge The Industrial Revolution allowed people to designate a certain time and place for work leaving time that they were away from work to be coined free time and could be dedicated to leisure The Jewish concept of Sabbath has some similarities to the notion of leisure as free time The concept of leisure as a symbol of social class views leisure as a way of life for the rich elite Time is consumed nonproductively o From a sense of the unworthiness of productive work o As an evidence of pecuniary ability to afford a life of idleness Subjective leisure or leisure as a psychological experience became prominent in the 1980s and may be defined as an experience that results from recreation engagements This psychological experience can include properties such as the following o Emotion and moods o Levels of intensity such as relaxation arousal and activation o Cognitive components such as ideas and images o Perceptions of how quickly time is passing o Selfconsciousness and selfawareness o Levels of absorption attention and concentration o Feelings of competence in regards to knowledge or skill o Sense of freedom Pure Leisure A state of mind brought about by an activity freely engaged in and done for its own sake o Perceived Freedom The perception that a person is engaging in the activity because one has the choice to do so and desires to do it o Intrinsic Motivation The individual gains satisfaction from the activity itself and not from an external reward The state of mind perspective of leisure has been criticized as being concerned with private psychological experiences with little to say about the morals and ethics that may be involved and for its emphasis on upon optimal experience as being an idea outcome This perspective seems to neglect the importance of less intense but equally important experiences such as relaxation and just being Women do a lot of bitching about leisure because they think they arent included as much due to their instinct to take care of others and general uptightness