Quiz 1 Review.docx

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University of Waterloo
Recreation and Leisure Studies
REC 200
Roger Mannell

Intro Thursday, January 10, 2013 8:31 AM Film o Playing is an essential part of the creative process  Learning, exploring, dynamic Functional Play o Physical play o Gross motor play: play that involves larger muscles o Skill development o Benefits: development of balance, coordination, fitness, be able to use bodies in surrounding environment o As children develop they may not be ready to enhance their play levels Constructive Play o Definition: the use of materials in play to build something o Benefits: learn basic understanding of structures, artistic components (symmetry, sequencing), planning Sociodramatic Play o Re-enacting Sociocultural situations that they observe in daily lives  Playing house o Benefits: possible preparation for future, help them understand situations in which they do not have a complete understand of, develop social communication, turn taking, Defining & Observing Play Tuesday, January 15, 2013 8:30 AM Play as Observable Behaviour: play is defined according to the observable categories of behaviour on the basis of either specified behavioural criteria or by a more intuitive identification process Play as Context: play is defined according to the context likely to evoke the disposition or likely to yield one or more of the behaviours identified as play Play as Disposition: play is defined according to the psychological disposition or 'mind set' presumed to mark its occurrence and to distinguish it from other types of behaviour Play as Behaviour  Definition: play is defined according to observable categories of behaviour on the basis of either specified behavioural criteria or by a more intuitive identification process  Behavioural Taxonomies Descriptive classifications Developmental play stages Play as Context  Familiar spaces, peers, toys or other materials likely to engage children's interest  Implicit/ explicit agreement between children and adults (words, gestures, convention) that children are free to do as they wish (within limits set by adults - recreation, education, or therapeutic setting)  Adult behaviour is minimally intrusive or directive  Friendly atmosphere promoting feelings of comfort or safety Dispositional Characteristics of Play  Most commonly agreed upon Free choice (voluntary) Intrinsic motivation Process over product Positive affect Non-literality  Other criteria sometimes used Passive vs. active Free play vs. games Play vs. exploration Exploration an Attribute to Play?  Exploration occurs when objects or situations are unfamiliar or poorly understood and is guided by the question Vs.  Play occurs when objects or situations are familiar and it serves to produce stimulation and maintain arousal and interest. Play is guided by the question - What can I do with this object?  Play often follows exploration  In play children impose meanings  Many theorists see exploration as a part or aspect of play Comprehensive Play Definition A disposition that occurs in describable and reproducible contexts and is manifest in a variety of observable behaviours B. Defining and Observing Play continued… Observing Play Behavior Problems of observing  Inaccurate observation  Overgeneralization  Ego-involvement & selective observation Methods of Observing Play Behavior  Armchair theorists, Careful observation, Play observation scales, Laboratory experiments Guidelines for Observing Play  Display of full range of abilities  Observe in familiar settings  Observe over time and in representative settings Multiple Intelligences  verbal  logical  kinesthetic  visual spatial  musical  interpersonal  intrapersonal Creativity - Creativity is a thinking and responding process that involves connecting with our previous experience, responding to stimuli (objects, symbols, ideas, people, situations), and generating new or unique combinations of these elements Criteria for Creativity  Fluency  Flexibility  Originality  Elaboration  Curiosity  Complexity  Risk-taking  Imagination Behavioral Clues to Creativity o Explore, experiment, manipulate, play, question, discuss o Role & language play, storytelling, artwork to make sense o Flow: concentrate on single task for a relatively long period of time o Impose order on chaos to organize the environment o Do something new with the old and familiar o Repetition to learn from experience rather than become bored Why Children are More Creative  greater sensitivity to external stimuli  lack of inhibition  ability to become completely absorbed in an activity Types of Assessments  Anecdotal records  Interviews  Audio-visual records  Case studies  Published standardized scales  Portfolios REC 200 reading The rise of the action figure and the changing face of “children’s” entertainment - Giant controversy about the movie “up” since it was considered one of the best animated movies but people were doubting its “commercial attractiveness” because of the none so attractive main character. Barbie - Two parts to an action figure. The “action” and the “figure”…the figure came first with the launch of barbies - It represented a plaything and companion for young girls while also providing first experience with fashion, the eye-opening possibilities of role-play, imagining one’s grown up self. - It’s not until the G.I Joe action figures came that the figure could actually move and sit and do other tasks. This brought a whole new category of “boys” toys. G.I Joe - Hasbro, idea of movabl
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