RS 110 module 5.docx

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Religious Studies
RS 110
Peter Frick

RS 110 - Module 05 The Bible − Christianity is the way of the Cross • Name Christianity comes from Jesus of Nazareth • Crucially tied to Jesus Old Testament is the Hebrew Bible - 66 books − Pentateuch (Torah) • Genesis • Exodus • Leviticus • Numbers • Deuteronomy − Prophets (Major/Minor) • Isaiah • Lamentations • Ezekiel • Daniel • Hosea • Joel • Amos • Obadiah • Jonah • Micah • Nahum • Habakkuk • Zephaniah • Haggai • Zechariah • Malachi − Historical Writings • Joshua • Judges • Ruth • 1 and 2 Samuel • 1 and 2 Kings • 1 and 2 Chronicle • Ezra • Nehemiah • Ester • Job • Psalms • Proverbs • Ecclesiastes • Song of Songs The New Testament - 27 Books − Gospels • Matthew • Mark • Luke • John • Acts − Paul's Letters • 1 Thessalonians • 1 and 2 Corinthians • Galatians • Romans • Philippians • Philemon − Paul (disputed authorship) • 2 Thessalonians • Ephesians • Colossians • 1 and 2 Timothy • Titus − Other Writings • 1 and 2 Peter • 1 - 3 John • James • Jude • Hebrews • Revelation − Every time you have ideology based on texts, there is the issue of hermeneutics Jesus of Nazareth − 'Founder' of Christian faith • Could argue that this is not the case • He did not found the Christian religion (practices, traditions) − Better to say Jesus gave shape to the Christian faith • Faith and Religion are not the same • Core teachings are not the same as religious practice − Sources: Synoptic Gospels • Mark, Matthew, Luke • Synoptic - all 3 describe the life of Jesus − Mark • Oldest Gospel • Year 70 − Matthew, Luke • Use Mark as a source, but are longer • May have a 3rd unidentified source, known as 'Q' • Year 90 − John • Three year chronology of the last years of Jesus's life • Other Gospels have 1 year chronology Matters of Historical Verification − No doubt historically that Jesus lived; there is sufficient evidence − Born 4 BCE, Died around 30 (33) CE • Born in Bethlehem − Then went to Egypt with family, and returned to Nazareth when he grew up • Galilee, Judea (provinces) − Son of Joseph and Mary − Carpenter or stoneworker by trade − Around 30, left Nazareth and travelled in Galilee and Judea as a preacher • Proclaimed Gospel (means Good News) − Initially had a group of close followers • Called out of those followers 12 disciples − Taught message that challenged religious authorities • He was a friend of social outcasts • Clashes mainly with the Pharisees as they were the spokespeople for Oral Tradition − Crucified under Pontius Pilate • Governor of Judea from 26 - 36 − Beginning of Christianity is within Jewish History Every religion has a historical framework of people and events − Woven into it are the extra elements that make it a religion − There is no scientific way to prove these matters of faith • Virgin Birth (Jesus was conceived by Holy Spirit in Mary) • Divinity of Jesus  Most central question in Christianity • Performing of Miracles • Resurrection from the Dead • Ascension into Heaven • Promise of His Return  At His return, Jesus will establish His Kingdom Jesus and Judaism − Christianity and Judaism are very closely linked by necessity − Jesus was a Jewish man, born into a Jewish family in the context of a Jewish life − He is deeply rooted in all of the Jewish traditions • He was circumcised • He practiced Passover, took annual pilgrimage to Jerusalem • The Sabbath was Kept • The way of Torah was known to Jesus − Jesus and Torah • Affirmed that Torah will be accomplished • Affirms significance of Torah for Him and those with Him • He says He came to fulfil Torah − It does not make sense to pit Jesus 100% against the teachings of the Pharisees Jesus and the Sabbath − Jesus healed the sick on the Sabbath, disciples plucked grain (harvesting) • Considered 'work' • Pharisees understood it as work • Reprimanded Jesus on basis of Torah − Tension because Jesus claims to fulfil the Law (including Sabbath) but seems to be working outside of it − Says The Sabbath was made for Man, and not Man for the Sabbath • The Sabbath was a gift from God • Assign Importance and Dignity of individuals over the Law • Well-being of a person has priority over Torah, even though it was given by God − The Torah was not the issue; it was the differing conclusions that Jesus and the − Pharisees drew from the Torah − Tension/Disagreements between Jesus and Pharisees came down to different understanding of Torah • Jesus took greater liberties; did what the Pharisees would consider breaking Torah Jesus as Messiah − First line of New Testament is Genealogy of Jesus • From Royal Line of David (Abrahamic/Messianic line) • Early Christians interpreted life of Jesus in line with Historical Genealogies and determined him to be Messiah • Genealogy is theologically interpreted this way  Technically 'father' was Holy Spirit − Something that is a matter of faith is not the same as saying it does not exist − In our scientific age, something non-falsifiable is considered non-existent • We can only work with hypothesis but not with proof • We are dealing with a being that is Ontologically Unique • Must work with that which we cannot prove • There is no logic in assuming it doesn't or can't exist just because we cannot repeat it − During His wanderings, Jesus picked up Torah • Read a passage claiming to be anointed by God and sent to bring good news  Interpreted by early Christians as his claim of being Messiah  Connects himself to Messianic Scripture • Intent of Jesus's teaching was to be Good News to Humanity  Especially the oppressed, prisoners, captives, and broken Central Teachings of Jesus - Two Priorities − Kingdom of God • Jesus assumed a Divine Kingdom exists and God wants it to be established • Beatitudes (Matt 5:3, 10)  "Blessedness"  Jesus pronounced a series of blessings upon those with him  Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven  Blessed are those persecuted for righteousness' sake, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven  Christian Faith is not a comfortable life with not cost • There are calls to follow Jesus for sake of righteousness • Lord's Prayer (Matt. 6:9-15)  Parallel to Shema
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