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Midterm

RS110 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Synoptic Gospels, Pharisees, Paul The Apostle


Department
Religious Studies
Course Code
RS110
Professor
Peter Frick
Study Guide
Midterm

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Christianity
Nae iplies Chist
o Jesus of Nazareth
The way of the Cross
o Give a mental anchor to establish important aspect of religion
New Testament
27 books in the New Testament
Gospels
Biographical sketches of the life of Jesus
o Matthew
o Mark (chronologically the oldest gospel 70CE destruction of the temple)
o Luke
o John
o Acts
Paul’s Letters
Foundation of Christian theology
Ascribed to the apostle Paul
o 1 Thessalonians (chronologically oldest book in the NT)
o 1 and 2 Corinthians
o Galatians
o Romans
o Philippians
o Philemon
Scholars questioned if these were written by Paul
o 2 Thessalonians
o Ephesians
o Colossians
o 1 and 2 Timothy
o Titus
Other writings
1 and 2 Peter
1-3 John
James
Jude
Hebrews
Revelation
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o Similar to Jewish books apocalyptic imagery
Old Testament
The Hebrew Bible
39 books
Pentateuch/Tanakh
Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy
Prophets (major and minor)
Isaiah
Jeremiah
Lamentations
Ezekiel
Daniel
Hosea
Joel
Amos
Obadiah
Jonah
Micah
Nahum
Habakkuk
Zephaniah
Haggai
Zechariah
Malachi
Historical Writings
Joshua
Judges
Ruth
1 and 2 Samuel
1 and 2 Kings
1 and 2 Chronicles
Ezra
Nehemiah
Ester
Job
Psalm
Proverbs
Ecclesiastes
Song of songs
Jesus of Nazareth
Foude of the Chistia faith
o Better to say that Jesus is responsible for giving shape to Christianity
o Have to make a distinction between faith and religion
Sources synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) and John
o Synoptic gospels describe the life of Jesus
o Mark is the oldest gospel (70CE destruction of the second temple)
o Matthew and Luke (90 CE) use Mark as a source and have one additional source used as
the lette Q
o Sources about the life of Jesus goes back to the gospels
o John 3-year hoolog aout last eas of Jesus’ last life, ut othe gospels ol hae
1 year
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Matters of historical verification
There is no doubt that Jesus lived
Jewish sources say that he lived in Palestine and was a historical person
Lived for roughly 33 years
Can locate him in
o Bethlehem birth place
o Then when to Egypt with his family
o Returned from Egypt to promised land
o Grew up in Nazareth
o At 30, he became a preacher
o Left Nazareth to go to Galilee and Judea
Son of Joseph and Mary
Was a carpenter or stoneworker
Would go from town to town sharing as the good news/gospel
Had a group of 12 followers
Taught messages that challenged religious authorities friend of social outcasts
From historical POV, he had clashes with the Pharisees
Was crucified under Pontius Pilate (26-36)
o The governor of Judea
Matter of faith
Virgin birth
Divinity of Jesus central question in Christianity
Performed miracles
o Resurrection from dead first of Jesus himself and then his followers
Ascension into heaven
Promise of his return
o The Coig
At his return, he will establish his kingdom and engage in judgement at final day
These can be tied to all 3 religions
Jesus and Judaism
Jewish born in a Jewish family
Deeply rooted in Jewish traditions
Circumcised on the 8th day
Kept the sabbath
Jewish families from surrounding areas took pilgrimage to Jerusalem and celebrated Passover
o Jesus did at the age of 12
Way of Torah was norm for Jesus as a boy
He affirmed that Torah would be accomplished
o “aid he ould’t oe to aolish the la
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