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SMF 204 Textbook Summary [Full Course] File contains concise, easy-to-read summaries of assigned textbook readings. Readings arranged chronologically by when they were assigned for ease of use; organized by chapter for increased readability.


Department
Sexuality, Marriage, and Family Studies
Course Code
SMF204
Professor
B.J.Rye

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Chapter 1
- Human Sexuality: The ways in which we experience and express ourselves as sexual beings
- Countries with higher gender equality also report the highest levels of sexual satisfaction
- Three distinct ethical frameworks: the ethics of divinity, community and autonomy
o The ethics of divinity (which generally have religious roots) are based on a fundamental
belief in a natural law of right and wrong
o The ethics of community are based on what is perceived as the “greater good” for the
community
o The ethics of autonomy value the rights and freedoms of individuals
- Phallic Worship: Worship of the penis as a symbol of generative power
- Havelock Ellis was an early contributor to the science of human sexuality, he publishes a
veritable encyclopedia titled Studies in the Psychology of Sex
- Sexologist Richard von Krafft-Ebing described various sexual deviations in his book Psychopathia
Sexualis
- The period of the mid 1960s to the mid 1970s was deemed the sexual revolution
- The theory is erotic plasticity states that in response to various social and cultural forces, people
show different levels of sex drive and express their sexual desires in a variety of ways
- Evolutionary Psychology: The theory that dispositions towards behavior patterns that enhance
reproductive success may be genetically transferred
- Psychoanalysis: The theory of personality originated by Sigmund Freud, which proposes that
human behavior represents the outcome of clashing inner forces
- Unconscious Mind: Those parts or contents of the mind that lie outside the of conscious
awareness
- Defense Mechanisms: Automatic processes that protect the ego from anxiety by disguising or
ejecting unacceptable ideas and urges

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- Repression: The automatic ejection of anxiety-evoking ideas from consciousness
- Erogenous Zones: Parts of the body, including but not limited to the sex organs, that are
responsive to sexual stimulation
- Psychosexual development: The process by which sexual feelings shift from one erogenous
zone to another (oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital)
- Fixation: In psychoanalytic theory, arrested development, which included attachment to traits
and sexual preferences that are characteristic of an earlier stage of psychosexual development
- Gender Roles: Complex clusters of ways in which males and females are expected to behave
within a given culture
- Behaviorists: Learning theorists who argue that a scientific approach to understanding behavior
must refer only to observable and measurable behaviors, and who emphasize the importance of
rewards and punishments in the learning process
- Social-cognitive Theory: A cognitively oriented learning theory in which observational learning,
values and expectations play a key role in determining behavior
- Feminist Theory: A theory that challenges acceptance of the male as the norm, traditional
gender roles, and male oppression of females
- Queer Theory: A theory that challenges heteronormativity and hetero sexism
Chapter 2
- Empirical: Derived from or based on observation and experimentation
- The scientific method has a number of elements:
o Formulating a research question
o Framing the research question in the form of a hypothesis
o Testing the hypothesis
o Drawing conclusions
- Variables commonly used to explain sexual behavior include biological, psychological and
sociological variables
- Population: A complete group of organisms or events

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- Sample: Part of a population
- Random Sample: A sample in which every member of a population has an equal chance of
participating
- Stratified Random Sample: A random sample in which known subgroups in a population are
represented in proportion to their numbers in a population
- Volunteer Bias: A slanting of research data that is caused by the characteristics of individuals
who volunteer to participate, such as willingness to discuss intimate behavior
- Case Study: A carefully drawn, in-depth biography of an individual or a small group on
individuals that may be obtained through interviews, questionnaires and historical records
- Survey: A detailed study of a sample obtained by means such as interviews and questionnaires
- Reliability: The consistency or accuracy of a measure
- Incidence: A measure of the occurrence or the degree of occurrence of an event
- Validity: With respect to tests, the degree to which the particular test measures the construct or
traits that it purports to measure
- Kinsey’s sex surveys suffered from gross sampling biases
- NHSLS (The National Health and Social Life Survey)
- Social Desirability: A response bias to a questionnaire or interview in which the person provides
a socially acceptable response
- Naturalistic Observation: A method in which organisms are observed in their natural
environments
- Ethnographic Observation: Data concerning sexual behaviors and customs that occur among
various ethnic groups
- Participant Observation: A method in which observers interact with the people they study as
they collect data
- Correlation: A statistical measure of the relationship between two variables
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