SMF 204 Textbook Summary [Full Course] File contains concise, easy-to-read summaries of assigned textbook readings. Readings arranged chronologically by when they were assigned for ease of use; organized by chapter for increased readability.

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
University of Waterloo
Department
Sexuality, Marriage, and Family Studies
Course
SMF204
Professor
Chapter 1
- Human Sexuality: The ways in which we experience and express ourselves as sexual beings
- Countries with higher gender equality also report the highest levels of sexual satisfaction
- Three distinct ethical frameworks: the ethics of divinity, community and autonomy
o The ethics of divinity (which generally have religious roots) are based on a fundamental
belief in a natural law of right and wrong
o The ethics of community are based on what is perceived as the “greater good” for the
community
o The ethics of autonomy value the rights and freedoms of individuals
- Phallic Worship: Worship of the penis as a symbol of generative power
- Havelock Ellis was an early contributor to the science of human sexuality, he publishes a
veritable encyclopedia titled Studies in the Psychology of Sex
- Sexologist Richard von Krafft-Ebing described various sexual deviations in his book Psychopathia
Sexualis
- The period of the mid 1960s to the mid 1970s was deemed the sexual revolution
- The theory is erotic plasticity states that in response to various social and cultural forces, people
show different levels of sex drive and express their sexual desires in a variety of ways
- Evolutionary Psychology: The theory that dispositions towards behavior patterns that enhance
reproductive success may be genetically transferred
- Psychoanalysis: The theory of personality originated by Sigmund Freud, which proposes that
human behavior represents the outcome of clashing inner forces
- Unconscious Mind: Those parts or contents of the mind that lie outside the of conscious
awareness
- Defense Mechanisms: Automatic processes that protect the ego from anxiety by disguising or
ejecting unacceptable ideas and urges
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- Repression: The automatic ejection of anxiety-evoking ideas from consciousness
- Erogenous Zones: Parts of the body, including but not limited to the sex organs, that are
responsive to sexual stimulation
- Psychosexual development: The process by which sexual feelings shift from one erogenous
zone to another (oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital)
- Fixation: In psychoanalytic theory, arrested development, which included attachment to traits
and sexual preferences that are characteristic of an earlier stage of psychosexual development
- Gender Roles: Complex clusters of ways in which males and females are expected to behave
within a given culture
- Behaviorists: Learning theorists who argue that a scientific approach to understanding behavior
must refer only to observable and measurable behaviors, and who emphasize the importance of
rewards and punishments in the learning process
- Social-cognitive Theory: A cognitively oriented learning theory in which observational learning,
values and expectations play a key role in determining behavior
- Feminist Theory: A theory that challenges acceptance of the male as the norm, traditional
gender roles, and male oppression of females
- Queer Theory: A theory that challenges heteronormativity and hetero sexism
Chapter 2
- Empirical: Derived from or based on observation and experimentation
- The scientific method has a number of elements:
o Formulating a research question
o Framing the research question in the form of a hypothesis
o Testing the hypothesis
o Drawing conclusions
- Variables commonly used to explain sexual behavior include biological, psychological and
sociological variables
- Population: A complete group of organisms or events
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- Sample: Part of a population
- Random Sample: A sample in which every member of a population has an equal chance of
participating
- Stratified Random Sample: A random sample in which known subgroups in a population are
represented in proportion to their numbers in a population
- Volunteer Bias: A slanting of research data that is caused by the characteristics of individuals
who volunteer to participate, such as willingness to discuss intimate behavior
- Case Study: A carefully drawn, in-depth biography of an individual or a small group on
individuals that may be obtained through interviews, questionnaires and historical records
- Survey: A detailed study of a sample obtained by means such as interviews and questionnaires
- Reliability: The consistency or accuracy of a measure
- Incidence: A measure of the occurrence or the degree of occurrence of an event
- Validity: With respect to tests, the degree to which the particular test measures the construct or
traits that it purports to measure
- Kinsey’s sex surveys suffered from gross sampling biases
- NHSLS (The National Health and Social Life Survey)
- Social Desirability: A response bias to a questionnaire or interview in which the person provides
a socially acceptable response
- Naturalistic Observation: A method in which organisms are observed in their natural
environments
- Ethnographic Observation: Data concerning sexual behaviors and customs that occur among
various ethnic groups
- Participant Observation: A method in which observers interact with the people they study as
they collect data
- Correlation: A statistical measure of the relationship between two variables
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Document Summary

Human sexuality: the ways in which we experience and express ourselves as sexual beings. Countries with higher gender equality also report the highest levels of sexual satisfaction. Phallic worship: worship of the penis as a symbol of generative power. Havelock ellis was an early contributor to the science of human sexuality, he publishes a veritable encyclopedia titled studies in the psychology of sex. Sexologist richard von krafft-ebing described various sexual deviations in his book psychopathia. The period of the mid 1960s to the mid 1970s was deemed the sexual revolution. The theory is erotic plasticity states that in response to various social and cultural forces, people show different levels of sex drive and express their sexual desires in a variety of ways. Evolutionary psychology: the theory that dispositions towards behavior patterns that enhance reproductive success may be genetically transferred. Psychoanalysis: the theory of personality originated by sigmund freud, which proposes that human behavior represents the outcome of clashing inner forces.