SOCWK 120R Readings for Midterm.docx

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University of Waterloo
Social Work (Social Development Studies)
Joel Majonis

SOCWK 120R Readings for Midterm Lecture one: Social Work as a Part of Social Welfare in Canada SOCIAL WORK & SOCIAL WELFARE: Charles Zastrow pp 3-19, 26-31, 1-2, 53-75, 90-109  Goal of social welfare to fulfil the social, financial, health and recreational requirements of individuals  Change from rural to urban living in industrial revolution produced more social problems  Social welfare as an institution: nations system of programs, benefits and services that help people meet those social, economic, education and health needs that are fundamental to maintain society o Ex. Foster care, daycare, suicide counselling, YMCA, AA, meals on wheels  Social welfare as a discipline: study of agencies, programs, personnel and policies which focus on the delivery of social services to individuals, groups and communities  Social welfare related to: sociology, psychology, political science, economics, psychiatry and cultural anthropology  Social welfare relation so social work  welfare encompasses the worker  Social welfare relates to other careers: psychiatrists, social workers, psychologists, nurses, attorney’s, recreational therapists, teachers, physicians and planners  Human Services (Alfred Kahn) 1. Personal Services (casework, counseling, recreation, rehab, religion, therapy) 2. Protection Services (consumer protection, corrections, courts, fire prevention/firefighting, housing-code enforcement, law enforcement, public health services) 3. Information/Advising Services (consulting, consumer information, education, financial counselling, hotlines and library services) 4. Maintenance Services (child care, unemployment assistance, institutional services, public welfare programs, retirement plans and Social Security programs)  Residual: social welfare services should only be provided when needs aren’t being met o All measures must be exhausted o Charity for the unfortunates  Institutional view: Programs to be accepted as a proper, legitimate function of modern industrial society in helping individuals achieve self-fulfilment o No stigma attached to receiving funds o Person’s difficulties beyond their control  Conservatives o Traditional resist change (negative) o Government governs best which governs least o Each person responsible for their own behaviour o Poverty=laziness, irresponsibility or lack of self-control o Social welfare: temporary, used sparingly  Liberals o Change is good: brings progress o Government programs necessary to meet human needs o Personal problems beyond a person’s control  Development Views o Midgely and Livermore: process of planned social change designed to promote the wellbeing of the population as a whole in conjunction with a dynamic process of economic development o Good for conservatives, liberals and general public o Social intervention that positively effects the economy  The Elizabethan Poor Law o Able-Bodied Poor: low grade employment o Impotent Poor: unable to work, almshouse o Dependent Children: boys trained in trades, girls domestic servents  Industrial Revolution o Protestant and the emphasized individualism (one is master of one’s own fate) o Laissez-Faire economic theory: economic and society would be best if business could do whatever they like to make profit o Social Darwinism (Herbet Spencer): struggle destruction and survival of the fittest essential for human progress  Turn of the 20 Century o Lester Ward: Dynamic Sociology: humans should and could provide social welfare programs to help the needy and all humans have the capacity for regulation through social and economic controls  Social assistance: unemployment compensation and old age, survivors, disability and health insurance  Public Assistance: aid to blind, disabled, old age assistance, aid to family with dependent child  Cloning: a new organism is reproduced from the nucleus of a single cell  New Family Forms: childless families, postponement of parenthood until middle age or later, professional parents, serial and contract marriages, open marriages, group marriages, same-sex marriages, transracial adoption, comartial sex (mate swapping and other organized extramarital relations in which both spouses agree to participate), single parenthood, blended families, the single life 53-75 Saleebey Five Principle Guide (Strength Perspective)  Every individual, group, family and community has strengths  Trauma and abuse, illness and struggle may be injurious but they may also be sources of challenge and opportunity  Assume that you do not know the upper limits
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