Exam Review SocWk 120R W13 Joel Majonis.docx

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University of Waterloo
Social Work (Social Development Studies)
Joel Majonis

SOCWK 120R Exam Review W13: Joel Majonis Part A Social Work History  19 century social work developments included workhouses and houses of corrections forcing poor to work, people thought this was charity  Expansion in number and type of social agencies helping clients with a variety of problems o Settlement houses (Toynbee Hall, London) wealth young people teaching poor groups morals, manners, industry and how to be a good citizen o The rich learned about poverty and poor’s morality and behaviour improved o Recreation, reform of social policies and lawsthnd reform of community problems o Jane Addams: hull house, Chicago in late 19 century, provided educational/enlightening activates to solve industrialization and immigration  From charitable method to social work method o Wilberforce and Chalmers evangelical Christians: importance of person acting righteously and develop grace given by God o Chalmers: ask client many questions encouraging charities and helping between people. This help would develop the person and the social group o C.s. Loch: influenced by Chalmers and Christian/Jewish ideas of helping activities. Creating 6 step method of intervention o M. Richman 1917: social work method of Social Study, Social diagnosis and social treatment improving the clients social situation  Richman and Freud ideas lead to Psychiatric Deluge in social work 1920-1960  Richman’s concept of social situation influenced later social work theorists understanding the clients environment (community, group, family, person) and create appropriate interventions  Social gospel movement and development of Canada’s institutional system of social welfare o Reform to make a more heavenly society and encourage people not to sin and be more moral in their functioning o Goldin Smith developed children’s aid society in Ontario o Langmuir: change Ontario’s prisons, asylums, hospitals and other institutions o Kelso: forming children aid societies o James Shaver Woodsworth: influenced by social gospel movement. Created the ccf witch became the ndp party: pressured liberals to pass institutional system of social welfare  Mackenzie King and Liberal party’s development of institutional system of social welfare programs o Influenced by Fabin socialist in England and Addams Hull House o Fix the problem from the BNA act 1867 in regards to the nation’s social welfare system o Over 45 years, liberals developed a social welfare system that gave Canadian’s equality of opportunity and dealing with variety of harms encountered throughout life o Laws were funded federally, provincially and from individuals and employers Basic Definitions in Social Work and Social Work Knowledge  Welfare: people on a journey  Social Problem: How one social system has a negative effect on another  Bartlett and Boehm: social workers combine values, knowledge and interventions to help clients solve problems and enhance social functioning  Zastrow: Nature of Generalist Social Work Practice: problem solving process with clients, assessing clients problem, use of different skills and interventions in each stage of social work with a client, use of social systems approach  Social Worker Roles: enablers, broker, advocate, activist  Social Situation (Siporin): combinations of people and settings providing a context for the focused role transactions of a person and social systems o A social situation refers to a social group focalized in action at a certain tie and place around some crucially relevant object, person or goal. Combination of people and physical objects in time and space  Ecological Framework (Germain): person’s process of behaviour in the environment produce reciprocal influences inhibiting or encouraging growth in both of them o Each person’s responses influence other person’s behaviours to change in some manner as well as changes in material environment influencing persons to aslo change their responses  The Physical Environment o Pincus and Minahan: physical attributes of the setting in which people are interacting o Germain: natural world (landscape, climate, plants and animals) and built up world (structures and objects) o Siporin: arrangements of objects regulating behaviour o Hall: physical objects and their arrangements create fixed and semi-fixed space regulating their behaviour o Osmond: spaces are created which keep people apart (sociofungal) or bring them together (sociopetal) o Physical objects are arraigned in social situations to be more or less complex as well as encouraging or inhibiting person from reaching certain goals  The Social Environment o Siporin: a social network of overlapping social systems, social situation, ecological systems, cultures and institutions o Pincus and Minahan: person to person or group action system consisting of activities, norms or regulations governing people’s interaction with one another o Germain: made up of several layers of kin, friendship, maternal helpers, organization and institution providing resources and services and finally the value system of a culture o Bossard: a structure of people engaged in a pattern of interaction moving through and across social situations. Either organized with complementary sets of role behaviours or disorganized with conflictual and solitary behaviours  Culture: made up norms, shared values, traditions, perspectives, core idea and goals  Social Norms: specify who may present and how persons should behave towards one another in asquence of actions  Social Interaction (Homans): one unit of behaviour of a person is stimulated by a unit of behaviour if another person consisting of verbal & physical behaviours of people coping with environmental demands  Social situations are marked by collaboration, consensus and complementary role behaviours display a reciprocal of perspective helping participants reach their goals  Competence (White): resulting from the person’s capacity to interact effectively with his environment Social Work Philosophy  Definitions of Social Work Philosophy o Siporin: a set of beliefs and attitudes, ideals, aspirations, goals, values, norms, ethical precepts, influential ideas, reasons and explanations. Give meaning to existence, reality to ourselves our world and our future  A professional philosophy consists of a rationale, articles of faith, ideals and meanings used to do work; essential models and standard measuring and describing reality; values, values judgments and ethical practice principles guiding work o N.A.S.W.: qualified non-empirical judgments about what is regarded as good and desirable, also, values represent a purpose or goal directing social workers; interventions o Generally, social work values: standards of proper practices exerting influences upon clients to function adaptively in accordance with pro-social values  Reid: knowledge for social work practice: an analysis of trends o New practice movements: general theoretical methodology orientations toward treating clients in social work  Increasing diversity: family systems, behavioural, transactional, gestalt, existential, reality and cognitive  Since 1970s: generalist, ecological perspective, strengths perspective, feminist practice, empowerment, task-centered, psycho educational, solution focused, multicultural, narrative, family preservation and empirical practice  Over last 40 years, social work programs making use of one or more theoretical frameworks and more interventions over time  Social work programs have increasingly developed specialized theoretical frameworks and interventions addressing particular clients populations with specific social problems  Clients now seen as people with strengths and resources who can set their own directions o Strength perspective: emphasis on person’s untapped and unappreciated reservoirs of physical, emotional, cognitive, interpersonal, social, and spiritual energies  Interventions guided more by helping clients define and realize their goals than by problem assessment and problem solving  Multicultural movement: distinctive strengths of ethnic minorities and rejects paternalistic approached that place clients in subordinate positions  Empowerment practice: replaces traditional expertise and authority-based relationship with social worker as a participant of facilitator o Empirically oriented methods use interventions supported by the development of evidences as well as informed decisions by clients about the kind of services they will choose to receive. Shared knowledge between the social worker and client about how effect the interventions are o Multilevel interventions by social workers: a number of practice movements emphasize practice activities with individuals, families and groups with efforts to affect larger system (organizations, communities)  Some forms of systems theory used to intervene at different levels to correct complex interactions in the person-in-environment configurations creating social problems  Theory cannot explain the casual interactive process occurring between different social systems as well as how to intervene to change them  Reid: the larger the explanation of social, economic and political process occurring in the community, nation or international spheres do not explain how such processes influence family and individual processes influencing the development of social problems in families and individuals  Reid recommends a multi-level approach using a variety of theories and interventions to explain how specific conditions create different problems in different social systems o Reid: social systems ideas became the basis for family social work’s development of new theories and concepts within family therapy explain how dysfunctional family systems influence the development of social problems in its individuals  Interpersonal/family explanations criticised for not taking into account genetic, biological, gender or cultural factors  Narrative therapy: less concerned with family system concepts of critical of them. Focus on process by which family therapists negotiable a common reality with families and their members o Past three decades a wide variety of educational and skill training programs have appeared emphasizing the cognitive-behaviour approaches can be taught to clients helping them to learn the complex skills of living  Reid: the empirical practices movement led the evidence practice movement o Reid: multi-level approach allows social workers to better social-economic conditions and dysfunctional macro social systems and use evidence based practices with micro level systems  Social workers professional judgments help them choose a value containing a guideline and related ethical practice directing their employment of a social work intervention o Ethical practice principle: specific social work practice/behaviour based upon some social work standard  Social Work Knowledge: empirically confirmed hypothesis about client functioning as
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