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Classical Social Theories.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 101
Professor
Sara Cumming
Semester
Fall

Description
CLASSICAL SOCIAL THEORIES SOCIAL THEORY KEY POINTS SUPPORTING THEORISTS Functionalism - Society is a dynamic system, all parts are interrelated and interdependent - Comte - Structures in society perform functions for the whole - Herbert Spencer - Society must meet the needs of the majority in order to maintain equilibrium - Emile Durkheim - Changes must be made to be made if equilibrium is not met - Talcott Parsons - Robert K. Merton Social Conflict - Society is inspired by inequality and competition for resources, which inspires change - Rousseau - Power is the core of all social relationships and is divided unequally among members of society - Karl Marx & Friedrich - Social values and ideology are vehicles for which the powerful promote their own interests at the Engels expense of the weak - 2 types of inequality:
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