SOCWK120R Study Guide - Final Guide: Social System, George Herbert Mead, Paul Tillich

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SOCWK 120R Exam Review W13: Joel Majonis
Part A
Social Work History
19th century social work developments included workhouses and houses of corrections
forcing poor to work, people thought this was charity
Expansion in number and type of social agencies helping clients with a variety of
problems
o Settlement houses (Toynbee Hall, London) wealth young people teaching poor
groups morals, manners, industry and how to be a good citizen
o The rich learned about poverty and poor’s morality and behaviour improved
o Recreation, reform of social policies and laws and reform of community problems
o Jane Addams: hull house, Chicago in late 19th century, provided
educational/enlightening activates to solve industrialization and immigration
From charitable method to social work method
o Wilberforce and Chalmers evangelical Christians: importance of person acting
righteously and develop grace given by God
o Chalmers: ask client many questions encouraging charities and helping between
people. This help would develop the person and the social group
o C.s. Loch: influenced by Chalmers and Christian/Jewish ideas of helping
activities. Creating 6 step method of intervention
o M. Richman 1917: social work method of Social Study, Social diagnosis and
social treatment improving the clients social situation
Richman and Freud ideas lead to Psychiatric Deluge in social work 1920-1960
Richman’s concept of social situation influenced later social work theorists
understanding the clients environment (community, group, family, person) and create
appropriate interventions
Social gospel movement and development of Canada’s institutional system of social
welfare
o Reform to make a more heavenly society and encourage people not to sin and be
more moral in their functioning
o Goldin Smith developed children’s aid society in Ontario
o Langmuir: change Ontario’s prisons, asylums, hospitals and other institutions
o Kelso: forming children aid societies
o James Shaver Woodsworth: influenced by social gospel movement. Created the
ccf witch became the ndp party: pressured liberals to pass institutional system of
social welfare
Mackenzie King and Liberal party’s development of institutional system of social
welfare programs
o Influenced by Fabin socialist in England and Addams Hull House
o Fix the problem from the BNA act 1867 in regards to the nation’s social welfare
system
o Over 45 years, liberals developed a social welfare system that gave Canadian’s
equality of opportunity and dealing with variety of harms encountered throughout
life
o Laws were funded federally, provincially and from individuals and employers
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Basic Definitions in Social Work and Social Work Knowledge
Welfare: people on a journey
Social Problem: How one social system has a negative effect on another
Bartlett and Boehm: social workers combine values, knowledge and interventions to help
clients solve problems and enhance social functioning
Zastrow: Nature of Generalist Social Work Practice: problem solving process with
clients, assessing clients problem, use of different skills and interventions in each stage of
social work with a client, use of social systems approach
Social Worker Roles: enablers, broker, advocate, activist
Social Situation (Siporin): combinations of people and settings providing a context for
the focused role transactions of a person and social systems
o A social situation refers to a social group focalized in action at a certain tie and
place around some crucially relevant object, person or goal. Combination of
people and physical objects in time and space
Ecological Framework (Germain): person’s process of behaviour in the environment
produce reciprocal influences inhibiting or encouraging growth in both of them
o Each person’s responses influence other person’s behaviours to change in some
manner as well as changes in material environment influencing persons to aslo
change their responses
The Physical Environment
o Pincus and Minahan: physical attributes of the setting in which people are
interacting
o Germain: natural world (landscape, climate, plants and animals) and built up
world (structures and objects)
o Siporin: arrangements of objects regulating behaviour
o Hall: physical objects and their arrangements create fixed and semi-fixed space
regulating their behaviour
o Osmond: spaces are created which keep people apart (sociofungal) or bring them
together (sociopetal)
o Physical objects are arraigned in social situations to be more or less complex as
well as encouraging or inhibiting person from reaching certain goals
The Social Environment
o Siporin: a social network of overlapping social systems, social situation,
ecological systems, cultures and institutions
o Pincus and Minahan: person to person or group action system consisting of
activities, norms or regulations governing people’s interaction with one another
o Germain: made up of several layers of kin, friendship, maternal helpers,
organization and institution providing resources and services and finally the value
system of a culture
o Bossard: a structure of people engaged in a pattern of interaction moving through
and across social situations. Either organized with complementary sets of role
behaviours or disorganized with conflictual and solitary behaviours
Culture: made up norms, shared values, traditions, perspectives, core idea and goals
Social Norms: specify who may present and how persons should behave towards one
another in asquence of actions
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Social Interaction (Homans): one unit of behaviour of a person is stimulated by a unit of
behaviour if another person consisting of verbal & physical behaviours of people coping
with environmental demands
Social situations are marked by collaboration, consensus and complementary role
behaviours display a reciprocal of perspective helping participants reach their goals
Competence (White): resulting from the person’s capacity to interact effectively with his
environment
Social Work Philosophy
Definitions of Social Work Philosophy
o Siporin: a set of beliefs and attitudes, ideals, aspirations, goals, values, norms,
ethical precepts, influential ideas, reasons and explanations. Give meaning to
existence, reality to ourselves our world and our future
A professional philosophy consists of a rationale, articles of faith, ideals
and meanings used to do work; essential models and standard measuring
and describing reality; values, values judgments and ethical practice
principles guiding work
o N.A.S.W.: qualified non-empirical judgments about what is regarded as good and
desirable, also, values represent a purpose or goal directing social workers;
interventions
o Generally, social work values: standards of proper practices exerting influences
upon clients to function adaptively in accordance with pro-social values
Reid: knowledge for social work practice: an analysis of trends
o New practice movements: general theoretical methodology orientations toward
treating clients in social work
Increasing diversity: family systems, behavioural, transactional, gestalt,
existential, reality and cognitive
Since 1970s: generalist, ecological perspective, strengths perspective,
feminist practice, empowerment, task-centered, psycho educational,
solution focused, multicultural, narrative, family preservation and
empirical practice
Over last 40 years, social work programs making use of one or more
theoretical frameworks and more interventions over time
Social work programs have increasingly developed specialized theoretical
frameworks and interventions addressing particular clients populations
with specific social problems
Clients now seen as people with strengths and resources who can set their
own directions
o Strength perspective: emphasis on person’s untapped and unappreciated
reservoirs of physical, emotional, cognitive, interpersonal, social, and spiritual
energies
Interventions guided more by helping clients define and realize their goals
than by problem assessment and problem solving
Multicultural movement: distinctive strengths of ethnic minorities and
rejects paternalistic approached that place clients in subordinate positions
Empowerment practice: replaces traditional expertise and authority-based
relationship with social worker as a participant of facilitator
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Document Summary

19th century social work developments included workhouses and houses of corrections forcing poor to work, people thought this was charity. Expansion in number and type of social agencies helping clients with a variety of problems. From charitable method to social work method: wilberforce and chalmers evangelical christians: importance of person acting righteously and develop grace given by god, chalmers: ask client many questions encouraging charities and helping between people. This help would develop the person and the social group: c. s. Loch: influenced by chalmers and christian/jewish ideas of helping activities. Creating 6 step method of intervention: m. richman 1917: social work method of social study, social diagnosis and social treatment improving the clients social situation. Richman and freud ideas lead to psychiatric deluge in social work 1920-1960. Richman"s concept of social situation influenced later social work theorists understanding the clients environment (community, group, family, person) and create appropriate interventions.

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