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FILM100 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Long Shot, Soviet Montage Theory, Sergei Eisenstein


Department
Film
Course Code
FILM100
Professor
Phillippe Mather
Study Guide
Final

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FILM100

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Film 100
Day 1
Sept 6th
Films shown: A trip to the moon, the great train robbery and lumiere brothers short films.
Lots of memorizing, focus on techniques during showings, film culture, readings should be done
for class, quizzes are for extra points and can be repeated there to help complete readings a week
to complete.
Film 1:
You can have different types of shots in one.
Shot scale: size of image, determine if camera is close or not to image, need frame of reference
which is usually the body, close up usually the face, medium head and shoulders, medium waist
up, full shot entire body, there’s no precise cut off point for these shots, once movement is
introduced, especially if it’s a shot where the camera moves or character moves to camera,
medium close up is common, close up is rare in a film,
Context can determine a shot, such as if there are animals in the shot, characters being closer or
higher can also determine power or other things, changing shots is how the filmmaker is trying to
show you something. Difference between the distance of character in shots,
Can’t look at camera because it's unnerving to audience as well as there has to be a matching
eyeline, the next shot is what they’re looking at, Shots that can have everything in focus, used to
tell a story, visual storytelling tool. As well as there can be shots with one part in focus and one
part that’s not.
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^Deep and shallow focus; shallow has blur
Framing off center, canted frame, (tilted), makes audience know something ‘off’ or
‘uncomfortable’ is happening, which is how batman villains were shown in the old tv series. Or
something is literally tilting.
The meaning of a shot depends on the context.
Lighting for black and white is different from color, color has a separation, grey makes it harder
to make a sense of depth. Filmmakers needed to work with lighting quite a bit then.
Color can be used to make a clear distinction
Top light makes deep shadows, under light used in horror films. High key lighting, everything is
well lit, in musicals and such
Low key is the opposite, single source lighting, very dark, used in horror films too
Camera movement creates a sense of movement in different ways, different equipment used for
this.
Camera on wheels is on a dolly, why it’s called a dolly shot.
Steady cam allows operators to walk up and down stairs, so they don’t have to lay down tracks
for the camera to follow along. If you want a smooth movement. If you want shaky you’d use
something else for that effect.
Telephoto lens, makes it look like lots is going on, used for street accidents, creates the illusion.
Fisheye lens, smallest lens possible distorts picture so much it becomes circular.
Series of dissolves is called lap dissolves.
Scenes can be overexposed to make ghosts, add animation, and used paintings for illusions, the
painting makes it impossible for the to be movement, rear screen projection<combining images
to make a scene.
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