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[KIN110] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (154 pages long)


Department
Kinesiology
Course Code
KIN110
Professor
Leonard Curchin
Study Guide
Final

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UofR
KIN110
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Anatomy Lecture 13!
The Heart – Chapter 658-685. Email Copeland with any
questions
Pericardium:!
-Outermost layer is the superficial fibrous pericardium, helps
to protect the heart and the cavity. Also anchors it in place!
-Prevents overfilling of the heart with blood, gives a limit of
how much blood can get into the heart – important function.
Without it there would be stretching of the tissue and then
dysfunction!
-Serous fluid and visceral pericardium allow for the heart to
work in a relatively friction free environment!
-Beneath that is a deep two-layer serious pericardium:
parietal and visceral layers, visceral layer is directly on top of
the heart muscle -Serous fluid separates them
Myocardium – beneath the pericardium!
-Muscle layer forming the bulk of the mass of the heart,
comprised of cardiac muscle cells, striated!
-Provides support for big vessels and valves!
-Branching muscle cells arranged in bundles!
-Specialized structures within the cardiomyocytes allow for
the conduction of action potentials
Then Endocardium – endothelial layer of the inner
myocardial surface; continuous vessels leaving and entering
the heart
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Vessels returning blood to the heart include the superior and
inferior venae cavae; left and right pulmonary veins.
Arteries take blood away from the heart such as, pulmonary
trunk, which splits into right and left pulmonary arteries;
ascending aorta (three branches taking blood to arms and
head)
Arteries – right and left coronary arteries (in atrioventricular
groove), marginal, circumflex and anterior interventricular
arteries.
Veins – Small Vardiac, anterior cardiac and great cardiac
veins
lOMoARcPSD
Final and Midterm 2 – Diagram of the heart Come up with
tricks to remember anatomy
Fossa Ovalis – developmental remnant that developed as a
fetus when the atriums are joined.!
Left atrium and left ventricle separated by a bicuspid valve,
right atrium and right ventricle separated by a tricuspid
valve.
Interventricular septum separates ventricles.
Atria of the Heart – receiving chamber of the heart, take the
blood in and take it to the ventricles.!
-Both left and right atriums have pectinate muscles along the
walls -Both have a protruding auricle
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