Literati Painting ASIA360.docx

10 Pages

Art History
Course Code
ARTH 361
Alison Bailey

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Literati Painting ASIA360 墨习: playing with ink 1. The scholar-artist; gentleman amateur 2. Painting as a partner to calligraphy and poetry, expressing the true character of a gentleman, calligraphy is an expression of moral character 3. Spontaneous expression of ethical / morel character 4. Independent, don't belong to a clique 岁寒:retaining integrity under adversity Literati artists; scholars; loyalists, dissenters; recluses; eccentrics; hermits; remonstrators; exils; elite, aristocrats; government officials, tradition and modernity Ai Weiwei Scholar-artist: dissenter within/ outside the system Serious play Eccentric/ non-conformist Zhuang Zi Some basics Names: family name, Romanization: Pinyin, Wade-Giles (used in Taiwan& by older scholarly text) Dynasties/ reign periods; see textbook for dates of artists & periods Glossary of terms found in textbooks, The early development of Chinese painting Neolithic pottery Brush and ink use standard by Eastern Zhou 2500 Materials and formats Ink, ink stone, brushes, paper, silk Functional/ architectural/ funerary, Temple, palace and tomb walls (Murals) Screens, hanging scrolls, hand scrolls (read from right to left) Much later; fans, album leaves, Ritual and funerary art, E.g. Mawandui tomb 180 BE Silk name banner in innermost tomb of lady Dai funeral banner Confucian funerary ritual Ancestor worship Mourning ritual Burial/ coffins/ tombs Didactic narratives of filial sons and other moral exemplars, Rise of buddhism disunion; fall o fHam empire, Decline of confucianism/ centralized state Rise of buddhism and buddhist art Rise of individualism (link to Daoism) Emergence of educated artists and connoisseur/ collectors Portable scrolls Sinicized non Han regime (Buddhist) realistic portraits/ human figures./ animals; using outline, colour, boneless washes Dunhuang 敦煌 Gu Kaizhi 顾恺之 Legendary figure associated with beginnings of scroll painting Very little know about him but copies of three famous scrolls give sense of his influence Wise and benevolent women: 5 meters long, ten sections each story or anecdote unconnected to the nest section Sui and Tang Unification Brilliant, cosmopolitan, prosperous, creative Periodization of painting High Tang 盛唐 Middle and late Tang 阎立本 Aristocrat, tomb designer for Tang founder, Prime Minister Political paintings recording the matters of empire (tribute visits by non-Han peoples, protracts of earlier emperors, an artist- historian) 李思训 (651-716) Blue and green landscapes (青绿山水) elephant's tusk Associated with "dense" court painting style on silk 吴道子 (710-760) rival with 李思训 untrammelled spontaneous loose style, known of this brush play patron deity of temple builders and decorators, outside the court; public art; religious murals High Tang Three trends Public art (but turning inward/ private taxes and domesticated scenes in tombs) Court art especially paintings of court lades, bird, horse The Palace Lady 杨贵妃 imperial consort of emperor Femme fatale who destroyed an empire embodiment of the plump, full faced palace lady image painted by Zhang Lady Guoguo's Spring outing Ladies preparing New Woven Both extant only as copied by 徽宗 周昉 韩干,照夜白 王维 James Cahill Song lectures Song reunification after century of warfare Imperial family: art patrons and artists Establishment of civil bureaucracy: merit based system Independently minded intellectual class emerging Song painting is the golden age of painting Shift from wall painting to scrolls/ elite pastime Scholar artists Imperial art academy esltablished Art theory and art history texts Landscapes Flower and bird painting Fan Kuan Tri-partite composition, secular figures in lower foreground; rising knoll with temple; great peak above Tilting tops to peaks Guo Xi Professional painter, favourite artist of emperor Shenzong & follower of Li Cheng Grand landscapes 可游,可行,可居,可望 我是北地忍不住的春天,春天淡墨的光,春光,mountain mist 蟹爪的树枝, Song urbanization Massive urbanization/ population growth in the N.Song Landscape painting as an escapes; roaming in the imagination Guo Xi; Convention of looking at vertical landscape painting at a distance; gaze at or ramble through in imagination, or best of all live within real thing Wang Shen Powerful military family; emperor Shenzong's brother in aw Friend and fellow anti-reformist conspirator with Su Shi (underwent banishment& punishment) Exchanged poems and paintings with Su Shi indirectly Literati painting; Su Shi and his circle Su Shi played pivotal role in establishing ;iterate painting genre Painting becomes a gentleman's pastime, poetry&calligraphy and painting A means to express emotions Painting is appreciated best by a like minded individual Conveying the personality of an artist Wentong, 文同 Bamboo artist, bending but no yielding, ink bamboo genre, symbol of a gentleman, integrity virtue, Lived among bamboo until he understood the way of it, bamboo lodged in his mind and brought forth in spontaneous paintings James Cahill Creation of nature, Zhaohua, nature has no purpose, natureness, greatness of Northern Song, Artistic creation-- 造化, transcendent , no plan, no purposefulness James Cahills lecture review 造化 not, Creation of nature, Zhaohua, nature has no purpose, natureness, greatness of Northern Song, Artistic creation-- 造化, transcendent , no plan, no purposefulness, 胸有成竹, 手 中有笔,心中有笔 庖丁解牛,信手,forgetting skills, the wheelwright and the butcher mind and making one's in accord with it, trusting to the hand Spontaneous creation like natural process, 张旭,醉酒,李白,苏轼,米芾 Painting and calligraphy Same brush, painting takes on aura and status of calligraphy Huang Tingjian 黄庭坚 famous and calligrapher known for his bold, asymmetrical style wrote on parallels between the arts 镜花水月, Poetry: meaning beyond words Painting: ideas within landscape Poetry: paintings with sounds Painting: soundless poems Calligraphic strokes shaping literati, painting style and monochromatic taste. Simple symbolic motifs (rock, old tree, bamboo, pin, plum, orchid) Scholar-artists moving away from landscapes painting by late Song Su Shi calligraphy Cold food festival in Huangzhou Poem scroll Hand-scroll details 米芾 Poem wirtten go a boat in the Wu River Colour is like cosmetics: vulgar; painting should be simple and refined Emperor Huizong 徽宗 Artist, aesthete, calligrapher, student of Daoism, builder of palaces & garden Founded Imperial Art Academy 1104 Painting exams Painting a peacock; which foot? Auspicious signs and portents Ma Lin New social elite- shape of society until 20th century Scholar entry scholar officials Civil service examinations Different relationship with imperial court developing Local administrator heads of local lineages All eliter immersed in unified cultural system based on confucianism, give new shapes by end of Song as Neo-confu
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