Learning Goals EOSC 110.docx

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Earth and Ocean Sciences
EOSC 110
Daniel Woodell

Compiled Learning Goals for EOSC 110 Final Exam EOSC 110 Part One Introduction  Define uniformitarianism and explain its utility in interpreting the rock record. Plate Tectonics  Illustrate and label the layers of the Earth (Inner Core, Outer Core, Mantle Regions, and Crust) and describe the basic properties of these layers (composition and behavior).  Identify the components of the lithosphere.  Describe and draw the different types of plate boundaries (divergent, convergent and transform)  Recognize and interpret associations between plate boundaries and associated features (eg. Trenches, mountains, volcanoes, mid-ocean ridges)  Describe techniques for observing plate movements (Hot spots tracking, GPS, fault displacement, magnetic striping, lithological correlation)  Apply knowledge of plate movement measurements to identify direction and relative velocities of plate movements through time.  Describe mantle and lithosphere properties that lead to the movement of plates and creation of rocks.  Distinguish between ridge-push and slab pull and note the areas where these processes occur. Minerals  Define what a mineral is  Describe the atomic structure and bonding of common minerals  Recognize the relationships between physical properties of minerals, internal crystal structure, and identification  Compare and contrast the chemical composition and mineralogy of each of Earth’s layers Igneous Rocks  Describe how igneous processes fit into the rock cycle  Distinguish between extrusive and intrusive rocks on the basis of origin and textures (Coarse v. fine grained).  Distinguish between felsic (granitic) and mafic (basaltic) rocks in terms of mineralogy, silica content, Fe+Mg+Ca content, melting point and colour.  Interpret Bowen’s Reaction Series as a means for explaining the mineral composition of mafic, intermediate and felsic rocks.  Relate extrusive rock names to intrusive rock names.  Define the components of magma (liquid, solid, gas).  Describe how magmas are generated and how they evolve (or change composition)  Describe and recognize the form of major intrusive igneous bodies (plutons, batholiths, dykes, sills)  recognize and describe different volcanic products, and associated hazards Igneous Rocks (Continued)  Compare and contrast the physical and chemical characteristics of different types of volcanoes  Explain the distribution of volcanoes Weathering  Explain the contribution of weathering to the rock cycle  Describe common physical and chemical weathering processes  Recognize rock and landscape features formed by weathering Sedimentary Rocks  Describe how sedimentary rocks/processes fit into the rock cycle  Explain how sediment becomes sedimentary rock  Recognize the major types of sedimentary rocks and the origin of their components  Recognize common sedimentary structures and what they indicate about environments of deposition  Explain how oil and gas deposits form in sedimentary rocks Metamorphic Rocks  Describe how metamorphic rocks/processes fit into the rock cycle  Describe the driving forces for metamorphism  Identify metamorphic changes in rocks Metamorphic Rocks (Continued)  Compare and contrast metamorphism in contact vs. regional settings  Recognize the tectonic and geologic settings in which common metamorphic rocks form EOSC 110 Part Two Geological Time  Recognize the scope of geologic time over which interior and surficial processes have occurred  Order the periods and epochs of the Phanerozoic.  Explain how we can date rocks using radioactive isotopes. Where are these isotopes found?  Discuss lines of evidence for the age of the Earth  Define the following terms: isotope, half-life, par
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